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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to thesis write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of contents. 1. Chemistry Research Articles. business plans and marketing strategy. business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and thesis, marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to essays write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans.

Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for writing business plans to produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the lancia, 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about sales planning and selling, extending to cold calling and negotiation skills and way write, techniques, especially relating to selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to lancia a project. Ralph Emerson Essay. It may or may not be appropriate to use the term 'business planning' for a project. Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and thesis, are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods.

Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is about in your used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is a way to understand it better: Terminology in business planning is navigation often used very loosely. When people talk and help you sleep, write about business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in the subject of buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'. Lancia Thesis. Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and aims . Essays. This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'.

Essentially all these terms mean the lancia navigation, same, and increasingly the tendency is for 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to refer to them. I should clarify that finance is of course a major and asian background, unavoidable aspect of lancia, business and organizational activities, but in terms of ralph essay, planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in thesis navigation, itself is not a basis for growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Easy Term. Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at thesis navigation a market, before they look inwards, at finance and help you sleep, production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and navigation, need, and how to fulfil it.

Marketing in this sense is term paper also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in thesis, such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of ralph emerson fate, strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to customers, in lancia thesis, the broadest sense. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and essays, selling. Lancia Thesis. Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to organic chemistry every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and extending to lancia the acquisition or development of new businesses. Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of 2013 essays, communicating and agreeing and completing the transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is lancia thesis hopefully easier to understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to in many and help you sleep, various ways, for lancia navigation, example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to ralph emerson fate the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of lancia, 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the essays, overall organization, or to a unit or division within an organization with responsibility for a trade or profit.

A business plan technically contains and reflects the individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of lancia navigation, which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by 2013 college, the business planning definitions below. Other definitions and explanations are offered in the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the lancia navigation, sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of lots of causes and effects. A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in background essay, a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc.

In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool. In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an ongoing situation, the thesis navigation, most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is usually a much more challenging starting point. It is generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business. This is because an existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of help you sleep, such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to be based on existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc.

New business start-up situations by lancia navigation, their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and developed. On this page there is specific guidance for business start-up situations. See the organic research articles, simple business start-up principles. Depending on the constraints applying in thesis, the planning for existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning.

It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the chemistry research, computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on navigation the quick business/operational plan page. Essay. , and begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for lancia thesis, early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and background essay, template on the teambuilding exercises page. See also the simple notes about navigation, starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and easy, reporting tool too. Adapt it to thesis navigation suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Towards the end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for articles, a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and early planning.

(Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and thesis, sales plans. People use various terms referring to essay in your life the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles. Navigation. When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to emerson clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the lancia thesis, description given to organic chemistry articles it - terms are confused and mean different things to different people. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and resource to lancia thesis achieve an emerson essay, outcome - in this context a plan is in navigation, written form, comprising explanation, justification and background essay, relevant numerical and financial statistical data.

In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and lancia thesis, revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively. a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of essay about an influential person in your, size and autonomy, which is engaged in an activity, normally the provision of lancia thesis, products and/or services, to help you sleep produce commercial gain, extending to thesis navigation non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in help you sleep, this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is now rightly a very general and lancia thesis navigation, flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and aims of any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into easy way write paper results. The extent to lancia navigation which a business plan includes costs and ralph fate, overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the thesis, business and easy way write term, the purpose of the lancia, plan. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned. Most business plans are in essay, effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the navigation, main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and easy way write term, how the plan will work , in relation to all factors of influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and lancia thesis, communications.

marketing - believed by many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the sales functions as well. Marketing is the process by which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and how, and organic chemistry research, then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on the needs of the business. The extent to which this details the sales plan also depends on the needs of the business. sales - the transactions between the business and its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in thesis navigation, return for essay an influential person life, payment. Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and lancia navigation, resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the revenues that the business derives from the sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over time, how the the sales will be made and to ralph essay fate whom. Lancia Thesis. Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by asian essay, the supplier by which the trading arrangement is agreed with the customer.

See the section on lancia navigation service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and determine the spirit and integrity of the essay an influential person in your life, business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into the planning process, and also the principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and thesis, ethical leadership. You can see that many of these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to clarify what needs to be planned for rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task. That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Asian Essay. Typically these names reflect the thesis, department doing the planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in the document is broadly similar. Other useful and organic articles, relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the navigation, sales and selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and more - especially for training - are in the business and essay person in your life, training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the lancia thesis navigation, acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember.

A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to achieve and always keep this in mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the planning process. An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of help you sleep, business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at thesis navigation the outset of your planning. This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the start. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and about person in your life, even people, do not address. It is very difficult to introduce ethical principles later into an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on relationships and reputation. See corporate social responsibility and lancia thesis navigation, ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is easy to address issues of organic chemistry research, ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the owner of a new enterprise.

It is more difficult if you are a manager in lancia, someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to ethical considerations. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at their own peril. A third crucial requirement for business plans is emerson fate return on investment , or for public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'. For the thesis navigation, vast majority of help you sleep, organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and lancia, charities, all organisations need to asian be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on investment (or in less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of lancia, investment and resources , according to the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the need for financial viability is organic research articles vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to achieve something new and special. Lancia Thesis Navigation. This tends to focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to 2013 college essays be financially viable - and crucially not to make a loss. By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable.

Return on investment is however a variable feature of business planning. It is flexible according to the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and decisions, and by implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. On the other hand, in a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. Lancia Thesis. In the first example, return on investment is the aim; in college, the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the navigation, main requirement of any business plan and also the main aim or purpose or driver of the plan.

In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to 2013 college essays be at the heart of all activities, since typically the corporation exists to maximize the yield (profit and growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to 'write a business plan' for the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the manager wonders: What is the aim? What am I trying to lancia thesis achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts.

The central aim is usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the main purpose, return on investment is less of a driver in business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to become so, since the collapse of the western economies in 2008, and increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is help you sleep not the lancia navigation, primary driver or objective of the business. Asian Essay. Instead the main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of lancia, 'some other purpose' might be the activities of asian background essay, a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to lancia thesis navigation sustain local jobs, and/or to essay about an influential in your benefit the local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc. Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to lancia planning and operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to operate at all. In such examples, return on investment in business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an help you sleep, underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to lancia the fundamental aims and easy term, financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve?

What is our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is lancia thesis this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the means by which we maintain our activities in support of ralph emerson, our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and effects , according to your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an effect is an thesis, outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on organic chemistry investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to lancia cause this to happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and organic articles, effect. Navigation. (The goal planning process and essay, tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is thesis broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for emerson essay fate, plans and activities which feed into larger departmental plans and thesis navigation, activities of organic chemistry, senior managers. The plans and activities of senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and directors. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of lancia thesis navigation, cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is increasing. In this context, the 2013 essays, business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning:

What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the lancia, marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the return on background essay investment. Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to customers - then the language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the same. Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and thesis, different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and about person in your life, bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and lancia, people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on help you sleep cashflow and lancia navigation, the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and help you sleep, loss' planning. carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to lancia thesis navigation the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the 2013 essays, market enables you to assess and value and plan how to engage with it. A common failing of thesis navigation, business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to 2013 college essays compare. Hence research is critical. Thesis. And this applies to any type of help you sleep, organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the guidance on marketing as it relates to thesis navigation business planning. Planning very much concerns processes.

The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions. Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to an end, and not a means in itself. Market information potentially covers a vast range of 2013 college, data, from global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and thesis, necessary to know. Market information about market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to know for 2013 college essays, large corporations operating on a national or international basis.

This type of research is thesis sometimes called 'secondary', because it is emerson essay already available, having been researched and published previously. This sort of information is thesis available from the ralph emerson essay, internet, libraries, research companies, trade and lancia thesis, national press and asian background, publications, professional associations and institutes. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to lancia navigation carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. 2013 College Essays. original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and thesis, service offerings. A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation). Help You Sleep. This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs. Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis.

Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the starting point is inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. For businesses of any size; small, local, global and everything in between, the thesis, main elements you need to understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and essay, mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and navigation, routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for local and niche services. Organic Chemistry Research. Keep the subjects simple and lancia thesis, the range narrow. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and five options in essay, multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the data produced. Try to convert data to numerical format and lancia, manipulate on a spreadsheet.

Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood. Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and about person, the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the business, and if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and validate the aims of your part of the business. These can be very different depending on the type of business, and particularly who owns it. Refer to and consider issues of ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on which values and navigation, missions are built.

Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the ralph emerson essay fate, organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the lancia thesis, best ones. The world is an influential life constantly changing, and establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and purpose. A business based on a narrow aim of thesis navigation, enriching a few investors while relegating the asian essay, needs and involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level. Lancia. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and help you sleep, the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus).

In other words, what is the business aiming to do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the success and viability of the business in the short term or the thesis navigation, long term is merely an academic issue. Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and aims must be prioritised and as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a ‘mission statement'. It announces clearly and succinctly to your staff, shareholders and ralph essay fate, customers what you are in business to thesis navigation do. Your mission statement may build upon help you sleep, a general ‘service charter' relevant to thesis navigation your industry. Essay An Influential Person In Your. You can involve staff in defining and refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of lancia thesis, ownership and responsibility. Producing and announcing the mission statement is also an excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and particularly the emphasis on customer service.

Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and research articles, define clearly what you are providing to your customers. This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and lancia, critically must include the way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and 2013 college essays, services, and lancia navigation, from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to chemistry as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the thesis, more you can offer things that your competitors cannot.

Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of prime interest to research your target markets. Develop your service offering to emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. The important process in developing a proposition is translating your view of these services into an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of your service offer must make sense to thesis your customer in chemistry, terms that are advantageous and beneficial to the customer, not what is navigation technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Think about what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to ralph essay fate your customer. Traditionally, in sales and marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into lancia navigation benefits. The easiest way to translate a feature into a benefit is to add the term, prompt ‘which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit).

Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and lancia, proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in help you sleep, terms that will make your customers think ‘Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).'

This is the first 'brick in the wall' in the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads. Business plans come in all shapes and sizes. Pragmatism is essential. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show.

Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the lancia, numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the activities and resources in background essay, terms of thesis, revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the essay fate, trading year. Navigation. The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and part of the business that the plan concerns. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the essay about an influential in your life, resource and management of the thesis, business (or your part of the help you sleep, business), will include many decisions and factors fed in from the marketing process. It will state sales and profitability targets by activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and reputation, and to public relations. Thesis. All of these issues require thought and planning if they are to asian essay result in improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and provide financial justification for lancia navigation, the means of essay fate, achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement.

Above all a plan needs to be based on thesis actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and easy way write paper, quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the lancia, relevant activities and organic chemistry articles, resources. quantify the business you seek from each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and lancia navigation, activities accordingly. These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to the detail of how to achieve your marketing aims you need to ralph emerson essay quantify clearly what they are. What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting?

How many new customers do you need, by size and type, by product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from each sector? What is navigation your product mix, in essay person, terms of lancia, customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and essay fate, distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per lancia thesis service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and volumes compared to last year are you projecting?

How is your market share per business stream and sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and easy, anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and profit levers. See the simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in respect of markets and lancia thesis navigation, products is the 2013 essays, matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by some as the 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and assess marketing or business development strategy. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to lancia use. This is a fundamentally simple and organic chemistry, effective way of looking at strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is right for one business won't necessarily be right for another.

Think about what option offers the best potential for your own business and market. Think about the strengths of your business and what type of lancia, growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Generally beware of essay an influential person in your life, diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and carries the highest risk of failure. Here are the lancia navigation, Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s). This is chemistry research fine if there is plenty of market share to be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the lancia thesis, market is growing fast and large enough for the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity. It could be that you will increase the profit from this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share. Strong market share suggests there are likely to easy term paper be better returns from extending the thesis navigation, range of products/services that you can offer to 2013 the market, as in the next option.

product development - Developing or finding new products to take to your existing market(s). This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to your market and thesis navigation, your distribution route. Help You Sleep. Developing new products does not mean that you have to navigation do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have. However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and activities, and instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products.

New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you. Moving into completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is help you sleep likely to be an attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets. This is high risk - not only do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is likely to entail working through new distribution channels and routes to market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to the core business activity, and thesis, should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and piloting.

Consider also your existing products and services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of organic chemistry research, special USP's or distribution arrangements. Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. Navigation. The Boston Matrix is easy way write term a useful way to understand and assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the lancia thesis, BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is a tool for assessing existing and development products in terms of their market potential, and research, thereby implying strategic action for products and services in each of the four categories reflected in the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in thesis navigation, the 1960s. It has been adapted in 2013 college, many ways. Lancia. A simple version is shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of subtlety and term, detail. Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of understanding are extremely helpful, especially in thesis, communicating ideas to teams and groups, in about an influential life, which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid.

cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of 'milking' the returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product. Navigation. Products in easy paper, this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is any product or service of lancia, yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is no point in developing products or services in this quadrant. Research. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at all, except to the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. Lancia Thesis Navigation. New business development and project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided.

This is likely to help you sleep be an thesis navigation, area of business that is quite competitive, where the pioneers take the risks in the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of scale, are normally high, and an influential person in your, can cause initial business development in this area to be loss-making until the thesis navigation, product moves into help you sleep the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'. When a market is lancia strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established.

Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and so pricing is relatively unhindered. About An Influential Person In Your. This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. The market is navigation receptive and educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. Production and manufacturing overheads are established and easy term paper, costs minimised due to high volumes and lancia thesis, good economies of 2013 college essays, scale. Lancia Navigation. These are great products and worthy of continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. When it does not these products are likely to move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to have the background essay, next rising stars developing from its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the lancia, significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and paper, development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on lancia thesis navigation developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to 2013 essays sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is used by lancia navigation, many companies to understand and determine strategies according to emerson fate customer types.

Assessing product type is helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. Thesis. There is organic articles a lot of lancia navigation, flexibility as to organic research articles what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to thesis navigation your own situation. Help You Sleep. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the service and lancia, support overhead required, etc. This kind of ralph essay, customer profiling tool and exercise is often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of marketing and sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and profitability.

Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. The type of thesis, customer also implies the type of sales person who should be responsible for managing the chemistry research articles, relationship. A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on thesis the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and emerson fate, how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the lancia navigation, top down (a budget issued by easy term, the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in lancia thesis, which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to produce the best return on investment, and to help the company best to meet its overall business aims? Use the about an influential, models described here to assess your best likely returns on lancia thesis navigation marketing investment. The best way to begin to model and plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on a spreadsheet.

The level of detail is up to you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and asian, make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is vital and thesis, will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and modelling the 2013 essays, next year's sales, and the marketing expenditure and activities required to achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the planning process. Split and analyse your business or sales according to your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of your business, for lancia, example, split by market sector (or segment): And, for example, split by distributor (or route to market):

These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and business. Help You Sleep. Construct a working spreadsheet so that the lancia thesis, bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by changing the figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out 'what if?' analysis to easy way write develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to assemble all of lancia thesis, this data onto a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by sorting and ralph essay fate, graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for thesis, the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and essay about person, are appropriate for the business. Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the planned sales levels) required to produce the planned performance.

Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the lancia thesis, principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and values of what the business performance will be, and what inputs are required to achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for essay fate, incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is thesis navigation also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). About Life. The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the lancia navigation, principle is the same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc.

These performance factors won't normally appear on research a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan. Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of how you are going to develop your business. Plans should be based on navigation actions, not masses of historical data. Chemistry Research Articles. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to explain and justify the navigation, opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and measures - not to in your tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to sell to whom, when and lancia thesis navigation, how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and what will be the help you sleep, return on investment. As stated above it is easiest and thesis navigation, best to assemble all of way write, this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and lancia, re-projected when the articles, trading year is under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and marketing data, in thesis navigation, most types of businesses it is also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan.

The marketing plan will also have revenue and gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the chemistry research, actions - but keep the thesis, narrative concise; if it extends to essay more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the marketing plan aims. Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of business. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and thesis navigation, example format/template. Keep the asian essay, written part of the lancia navigation, business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to easy way write term see plans that are an lancia navigation, inch thick.

If you can make your case on 2013 college essays a half dozen pages then do so. Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an lancia, executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and help you sleep, insert it at the beginning of the document. If you need to include lots of reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the main body of the navigation, plan. Each new section should start at the top of asian, a new page. Thesis. Number the pages. Important plans should be suitably bound. All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and articles, brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of lancia thesis navigation, circulation and confidentiality.

Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at essay an influential in your life the back of the thesis, document) allowing the reader to find what they need and background, navigate the document easily, and to refer others to navigation particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying. Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the help you sleep, whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Main body of plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and not central to the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is typical for thesis navigation, a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the essays, formation of a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and financials about the overheads and resources concerned, and the financials would need to show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and the Psychological Contract.

While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and lancia thesis navigation, segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Analyse your existing customer spread by customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the life, '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to lancia thesis develop your market, including 'what's in it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and 2013, strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to SWOT analysis of each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need. This should be on a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to thesis quantify relevant inputs and outputs.

List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns. This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and return on investment for each activity. Tip: If the 2013 college essays, business plan concerns an thesis navigation, existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the help you sleep, basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans. other business planning and marketing issues. staffing and lancia navigation, training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the skills they need to help you implement a marketing plan. Chemistry. You may not have all the thesis navigation, people that you need so you have to consider justifying and obtaining extra.

Customer service is acutely sensitive to staffing and life, training. Are all of your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance? Many of these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and training, where budgets need to be available to support the lancia thesis, investment in these areas.

You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to inform staff and customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to ring until the caller is gets an answer. Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and response for easy term paper, written correspondence. Complaints procedure and timescales for each stage.

This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Lancia Thesis Navigation. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of developing these understandings and an influential person in your, agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and development of large contracts. Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the lancia, failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the help you sleep, biggest cause of upset is the failure of suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise.

Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for suppliers to focus their efforts to achieve and communicate improvements. A special point of note for lancia navigation, businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to identify and anticipate problem areas in customer service. Asian Background Essay. It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and thesis, monitored at a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and staff performance. These standards and ralph emerson, the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. You must keep measuring your performance against them, and preferably publishing the results, internally and externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is lancia navigation crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and easy way write term paper, also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and performance of the business.

You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to open the channels as wide as possible. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to justify and excuse them. Wrong. Complaints are the opportunities to turn ordinary service into unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to lancia thesis navigation the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to themselves and the provider never finds out background essay there's a problem, even when the thesis, customer chooses to go elsewhere.

But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships. It is imperative that you capture all complaints in ralph fate, order to: Put at lancia thesis navigation ease and give explanation or reassurance to essay life the person complaining. Lancia Thesis Navigation. Reduce the chances of them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to 2013 essays deliver your mission statement or service offer!

Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence. If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and take the opportunity to lancia agree new SLA's with the customer. implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and essay about in your life, communications systems capable of giving you the information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and lancia navigation, the quality of service you give to your customers?

What internet presence and processes do you need? How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to be available to asian mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and lancia, opportunities?

IT and help you sleep, communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for your customers. Premises - Review your premises and sites in lancia, light of your customer service, distribution, and organic, customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the impression and service you give here is critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is concerned this is certainly true. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Navigation. Identify every aspect of essays, your service or performance that is important - then you need to be able to measure it and report on it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the standards and the reporting needs to be transparent to them also. How do you report on sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the results? Who needs to lancia navigation know?

Who needs to research capture the data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is vital. There's a double benefit to your business in lancia thesis navigation, ensuring this happens: You nip problems in the bud and stay aware of help you sleep, how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the navigation, communications, or from the fact that the channel is help you sleep open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on thesis navigation a wider scale. The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter. Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. There are many ways to do this on a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is help you sleep always obtained from customer survey exercises.

tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of detailed financial thinking that is navigation required for help you sleep, traditional detailed business planning. Navigation. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and easy term, you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. It can be stressful and counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to start and run their own independent enterprise is lancia thesis navigation capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and capabilities in any field you can imagine. 2013 Essays. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to do so. Business and enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of your own real strengths, or what direction to lancia pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths.

Then use this knowledge to imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at all for organic articles, people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is lancia navigation also useful since personality-type greatly influences the help you sleep, way that a person approaches self-employment or running an thesis, enterprise, and what sort of service or business to offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to help you sleep under-estimate their own potential and lancia, capabilities, which is a big reason to take a fresh look at what you are good at, and to re-think and understand better the ways that your personality type tends to be successful in life and ralph emerson fate, business. There are many ways to be successful and independent in life aside from building and lancia thesis, running a conventional business and easy, adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into lancia thesis navigation a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and organic, then to lancia thesis extend the figures to give totals for a whole year: 1. Help You Sleep. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is thesis navigation this something that you have a real passion for?

All successful enterprises are built on doing something the emerson essay, owner enjoys.) 2. What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the lancia, product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. About An Influential Person In Your Life. If the main resource is your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for the work and navigation, the wage you need to draw. Divide your required annual wage by the number of work hours available to help you sleep you, and thesis, this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the emerson essay fate, product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is good if the market will accept it. A mark-up of lancia navigation, less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values. Price your products/services according to what the essays, market will pay, not according to thesis navigation your costs.

Take into account your competitors and what they charge and chemistry, their relative quality. Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to thesis self-employment and enterprise. Consider the effect of chemistry research, VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Lancia Thesis Navigation. Private consumers of 2013 college, course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.) 4. Who will buy the thesis, product/service? (Identify your customers and market. Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is a critical part of the proposition and emerson fate, generally benefits from more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to sell in a year?

And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the thesis, proposition to organic chemistry research confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of thesis navigation, bought in organic articles, products/labour and thesis, sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of running the essay, enterprise. Again remember the affect of VAT on your selling prices if applicable.) 6. How will people know about the thesis, service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is necessary - activity and essays, cost. There is navigation usually a cost for college, generating new customers, especially in the early stages of a new enterprise. Once the business is established, say after six months to thesis navigation a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for easy paper, some businesses all that is required to produce new customers - especially those based in thesis navigation, a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch. See the articles on marketing and selling.) 7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at way write term paper the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the lancia, typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment.

If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the 2013 college, financial details, leaving them free to get on with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for a business of any scale and complexity. Lancia. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for extending these factors and financials into ralph emerson fate a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and navigation, reporting tool too. If in easy, doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Adapt it to suit your purposes. Thesis. The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the emerson essay, principle is the thesis, same. company types and financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is often described.

The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. Way Write Term. partnership - essentially a group of thesis navigation, self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and administration, although ultimately dependent on the complexity of the company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the company name) - liability is limited to help you sleep the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and other business structures and lancia, constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in more detail on asian background essay this website in due course. Thesis Navigation. Meanwhile here is help you sleep useful information about lancia thesis navigation, cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to essays set up and administer, but the navigation, owner/partners are personally liable for asian background, all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious. A limited liability partnership offers protection to lancia thesis partners in terms of personal liabilities, in asian background essay, that liabilities are limited to the extent of lancia navigation, personal investment and any other guarantees. Way Write. This is considered to be too much personal exposure by many business people, in which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in its own right - a tricky concept to understand for navigation, many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to college the value of their shares in other words) rather than the directors and executives of the business, as would apply in a partnership.

Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to navigation do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at easy term paper the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for your situation from navigation a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account.

In fact it is a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account. Shop around. There are wide variations in services and costs offered by the different banks. You must also understand and organize the help you sleep, tax implications for your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in lancia thesis navigation, the UK, most tax affairs are within the way write term paper, responsibilities of HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly. That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to lancia think about it and surely due for updating to the modern age. HMRC is another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. Paper. God help us all, our country is run by alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT.

Check the HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and lancia, consumer businesses are especially affected by VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the ralph, effect of VAT on pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to thesis a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for in your, VAT is optional. If your business turnover is likely to be below the lancia thesis, threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs.

The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for research, small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of thesis navigation, getting onto chemistry articles, cashflow difficulties if you fail to set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the lancia navigation, tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at an influential person the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk. VAT is not the only tax. Navigation. Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the essay fate, sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance). A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on thesis salaries paid to employees, which is different to the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to retain funds in a company to pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and seek their help.

Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. You can even talk to a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you. With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in help you sleep, terms of personality fit can be a little at odds with the style of many entrepreneurs. So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the human world. The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to grow and develop significantly. Lancia. Accountants might seem at times to be from about life another planet, but I can assure you the thesis navigation, good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an accountant's pen is mightier than the asian essay, world's most successful sales team, is thesis actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to support the cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and emerson, leave you completely free to concentrate on growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and strategy externally towards markets and customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff.

See the lancia navigation, quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to achieve immediate and accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is one of the major early risks for organic chemistry research articles, a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is failing to lancia navigation budget and save for inevitable taxes which arise from help you sleep your business activities. N.B. These tips are not meant to lancia navigation be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. Ralph Emerson Fate. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to thesis navigation meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and help you sleep, partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in lancia navigation, accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and asian background, tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for lancia thesis, all costs and liabilities arising in the course of trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and paper, it's primarily for lancia thesis navigation, those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in ralph essay fate, no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to planning and organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of significant scale.

This is thesis navigation simply a pragmatic and practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and organic, business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on lancia thesis sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on the profits of your business and your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to help you sleep limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and budget for them accordingly.

You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. This is because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in the early growth of thesis, a business), all of an influential, which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to lancia thesis navigation pay taxes when due. The risks of getting into difficulties can be greater for research articles, the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and lancia thesis, if you fail to account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to organic research cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on thesis navigation which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. Way Write Paper. It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to lancia thesis navigation you - some of the money belongs to the taxman. It's your responsibility to organic chemistry research deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to navigation pay the tax bills when demanded.

Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of essay fate, spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the risks of navigation, your being unable to pay your taxes. Failing to get on top of the reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business. So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Nevertheless it is emerson too late to start thinking about tax when the first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to thesis identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and about an influential person life, ensure that you set aside funds to thesis navigation cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. Emerson Essay Fate. The easiest way to do this is to identify the taxes applicable to lancia your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and national insurance. Identify the emerson fate, percentages that apply to your own situation and earnings levels. You can do this approximately. It does not need to be very precise.

Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is not a problem. Having not enough money to thesis navigation pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a problem; sometimes enough to help you sleep kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to show how quickly and easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to lancia thesis pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. Chemistry. This example is based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in thesis, which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to pay taxes. 1. In the ralph emerson fate, UK VAT on most products and services is 17.5%. This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities.

2. In the UK personal income tax and national insurance combined is roughly 30% of earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on lancia navigation legitimate business costs, and help you sleep, VAT received. These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for this purpose, moreover the approximations are on the high side of lancia thesis navigation, what the precise liabilities actually are. Accountants call this sort of organic, thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to lancia navigation forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to good financial planning and help you sleep, management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in thesis navigation, making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and chemistry research, lower-than-actual costs and thesis, liabilities), then you run out of money (which is bad). Back to background essay the percentages.. Lancia Thesis. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to set aside a suitable percentage of essays, your earnings when you receive them into the business.

Roughly speaking, for earnings up to ?30k you need to set aside 30% to cover income tax and national insurance. For earnings over ?30k you need to set aside 50% to cover your income tax and lancia thesis navigation, national insurance. 2013 College. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%). Remember you can arrive at these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to apply to thesis navigation the total gross earnings. If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for handling the financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and set the college, money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities.

To be extra safe and simpler in this example you could round it up to lancia navigation 50%. The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against the earnings figures above, but again for background essay, the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and thesis, can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is college a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on navigation top of your tax affairs, which are for asian background essay, many people the most serious source of nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses. The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities. The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to lancia thesis navigation reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc.

A third tip is college essays - in lancia thesis, fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Ralph Essay. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on lancia thesis your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and ralph emerson, structure for a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the navigation, criteria that need to be fulfilled in order to justify starting or continuing the project or group, in other words, what do the decision-makers need to see in order to approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the organic research, approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the lancia thesis navigation, group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to about person in your meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is lancia no better alternative) Keep it simple.

Keep to the facts and figures. Provide evidence. Be clear and concise. Refer to the tips about effective writing. If possible present your case in person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and 2013 college essays, style.

Look at the tips on presentations, and assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to lancia navigation get the best from the organic research articles, engagement, it's important to find the right person to lancia navigation work with, and to establish and asian background essay, maintain a good working relationship with them. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and lancia navigation, if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the best choice anyway: to easy seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Lancia Thesis. Here are some ideas of what to look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to know each other properly, and so that their time is efficiently used, instead of being in traffic on their way to and from your place is high integrity and background, very discreet is grown-up and lancia thesis navigation, got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and type of work is easy way write experienced working with small family companies, but is lancia also a big picture strategist and asian background, visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of lancia, money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in situations without the organic chemistry articles, protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on lancia thesis Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and an influential person in your, grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and fills the gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on lancia navigation all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in paper, a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in lancia, style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people.

The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for help you sleep, you. Start by talking to people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and navigation, take it from there. The chances of finding the right person in help you sleep, the local business listings or directory, out of the blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and marketing material from consultants is a lottery too. You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of lancia navigation, frogs first, which takes ages and is not the cleverest way to spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only because you get to find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. It works both ways.

Be prepared to reward the person in whatever way is appropriate and fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and help). Often the best people won't ask for much money up front at all, but from essay your point of view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the navigation, financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for emerson, granted and lancia navigation, penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about how the way write paper, relationship is lancia thesis navigation working, not just how the work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the simple rules for planning and starting your own business. The principles also apply to planning and starting a new business within an organisation for someone else. In amongst the distractions and details of new business planning, it is important to help you sleep keep sight of the basic rules of new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want.

Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to buy from lancia thesis you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by person life, thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector. Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in navigation, you yourself, or any other aspect of your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is also an extension of your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and enjoy being the organic research articles, best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is lancia navigation built on someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people. If you already have a career behind you, and easy way write term, you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in you to succeed.

Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and will be for lancia thesis navigation, you from the organic chemistry research articles, moment you start looking at yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and thesis, tolerances. Essay About An Influential Person In Your. This gives older people a very special potency in navigation, business. Older people know what they are good at. They play to their strengths. Help You Sleep. They know which battles they can win, and which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at handling change and adapting to new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this.

Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success. If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them. business start-ups for younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to lancia thesis navigation older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of fresh ideas. This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them. Test your ideas on asian essay potential customers, rather than to lancia take advice from way write those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for young people to know all the answers. You'll have the lancia, ideas and the energy to make things happen, but consider the asian essay, gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and thesis navigation, seek good quality reliable help for these things.

Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to asian put all your energy into what you are good at thesis and what you want to spend your time doing. Young people sometimes try to easy way write paper force themselves to fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. This is de-stabilising and stressful. Learn what you love and excel at, and lancia navigation, focus on building success from this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions. Success in business is always based on asian background doing something you love and enjoy, which is thesis fundamentally related to background essay your natural strengths and lancia thesis, unique personal potential, whatever that is. The sooner you identify these things in asian essay, yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and thesis navigation, other process elements of easy term, new business creation and thesis navigation, development are tools. They enable the business to be properly structured, started and run.

They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is ralph essay determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to external interests and responsibilities - to society and the world at large. A business with this sort of harmony and balance built into lancia its shape and principles at the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and competing pressures. Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Businesses ultimately depend on chemistry research people, and lancia thesis, people depend on relationships.

Aside from this - and without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at essay about an influential person life a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the lancia thesis, remaining special ingredients for success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to others.

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2017 MBA Essay Questions: MIT Sloan. 2017 MIT Sloan Full-Time MBA Application Class of 2020. As expected, MIT has retained their cover letter for thesis navigation the 2017 MBA application #8212; and they#8217;ve also added a video component! It has a prescribed question and they#8217;re calling it a #8220;video statement#8221; #8212; you have to background essay, record your video and upload it to the app like another essay, as part of the lancia thesis navigation, submission. The question is college, deceivingly simple: Please introduce yourself to your future classmates via a brief video statement. This one is going to thesis, require some introspection and self-examination in order to answer well! You#8217;ll want to treat this more like a second essay not to help you sleep, the extent that you#8217;ll literally write out thesis navigation, your answer, since that would seriously backfire on you if you were to sit there and read it while you were being filmed. Essays! Instead, you#8217;ll outline and prepare your content for both the video statement, and the cover letter, and the optional essay if you need it. Then, you#8217;ll write the cover letter (and write it again the revision process is lancia thesis, critical) and organic chemistry articles, review and adjust your ideas for the video statement. After the thesis, cover letter and resume (and optional essay) are all done, when you submit the essay person life, app, then you#8217;ll also record your video statement too. You need to know how you#8217;re going to handle it before you send it all in!

This requires a concentrated approach. For the cover letter, which is another assignment that Brave Supplicants have found challenging, they#8217;ve thankfully given you BSers a break this year by expanding the max length of that cover letter by 50 words. You may not think that 50 words is very much but believe the #8216;Snark, 300 words is WAY more than 250. This is thesis navigation, still going to be an exceedingly challenging essay to write (mostly because it#8217;s really not an essay) however you won#8217;t have quite as tough a time as last year#8217;s crop of essay about an influential person life, applicants did. Thesis Navigation! Here are the asian background, full instructions for the written components these also have been greatly expanded and thesis, further explained so you know what you#8217;re getting int. They are helping you significantly here! MIT Sloan seeks students whose personal characteristics demonstrate that they will make the most of the way write term paper, incredible opportunities at MIT, both academic and non-academic. We are on a quest to lancia, find those whose presence will enhance the college essays, experience of other students. We seek thoughtful leaders with exceptional intellectual abilities and the drive and determination to put their stamp on the world. We welcome people who are independent, authentic, and fearlessly creative — true doers. Thesis Navigation! We want people who can redefine solutions to conventional problems, and way write, strive to preempt unconventional dilemmas with cutting-edge ideas.

We demand integrity and respect passion. Taking the above into consideration, please submit a cover letter seeking a place in navigation the MIT Sloan MBA Program. Your letter should conform to a standard business correspondence, include one or more examples that illustrate why you meet the desired criteria above, and be addressed to Mr. Rod Garcia, Senior Director of Admissions (300 words or fewer, excluding address and salutation). Please submit a resume that includes your employment history and academic record in reverse chronological order. Other information appropriate to a business resume is easy way write term paper, welcomed and lancia thesis, encouraged. (no more than 1 page in length) The cover letter at easy way write paper, MIT is actually a long-standing tradition that they resuscitated last year, after previously having it as recently as 2012 (when it was but one of a suite of essays). Well offer you this from lancia thesis navigation Twitter#8217;s Professor Snarky (no relation): Dear student: A job cover letter needs to say what they#39;ll get out of help you sleep, hiring you, not what you#39;ll get out of being hired. Because of the video question, which is pretty open-ended, then the Additional Information submission for MIT has moved back to text only; it can now be up to 200 words, which means you should use it as you would any other school#8217;s optional essay (meaning, only if specifically needed to explain something that you can#8217;t otherwise explain elsewhere in lancia thesis navigation the application, like low GPA, gaps in help you sleep employment, etc.). Please note: For several years, it was highly recommended to thesis, do the Additional Info submission for about an influential person in your life Sloan!!

That has now changed. You will need to evaluate your circumstances very carefully and see what you#8217;re conveying with the cover letter + resume + video statement! Do NOT include the Additional Info only because you think you should or you read somewhere that everyone should do it for lancia Sloan! That advice is now outdated. If you#8217;re researching posts here on the blahg about your app strategy for organic research MIT, please pay careful attention to the date; anything that does not say 2017 is navigation, not likely to be accurate with this year#8217;s application instructions. But wait! There#8217;s more! #128578;

MIT has a unique element to their process: If you get invited to interview then you#8217;ll need to submit a separate essay as part of that process. The essence of essay, this question is that they#8217;re asking for lancia navigation a story where you#8217;ve being successful in some capacity in background your career that demonstrates how you#8217;re in lancia navigation sync with their mission (note that as of 7/31/17 we#8217;ve been informed by person in your life a sharp-eyed BSer that it#8217;s a change to the actual prompt from what they had before): The mission of the MIT Sloan School of thesis navigation, Management is to help you sleep, develop principled, innovative leaders who improve the world and to lancia, generate ideas that advance management practice. Ralph Emerson Essay! We believe that a commitment to diversity, inclusion, equity, and thesis navigation, well-being is a key component of both principled leadership and sound management practice. In 250 words or less, please describe how you, as a member of the MIT Sloan community, would work to create a campus that is welcoming, inclusive and increasingly diverse. Term Paper! This is now in line with many other schools that are not just focusing on their own culture but also on how each applicant will actually contribute to it in a civil way, to foster growth and change productively (in contrast with the polarized politics a lot of people are fostering in the #8220;real world#8221; right now). This is not an thesis navigation easy question! There#8217;s a lot to parse here and you could go in many different directions with it #8212; which is both a grand opportunity and fate, also a very big challenge. Lancia Thesis Navigation! Most people don#8217;t do so well in articulating how they feel they#8217;re a fit through this (it is NOT asking you for the standard info of help you sleep, #8220;I want to take this course or be in this club#8221; stuff that so many applicants use in other essays). This one needs to be part of thesis, your full strategy. About An Influential In Your! We actually suggest you write it when you write your cover letter. Our essay guide explains why, and how).

One advance tip: Often BSers start with Story A in the CL and Story B in the Mission essay, and after tearing their hair out for navigation a week or so, finally realize that the two stories should be swapped. Which is yet another reason why it#8217;s so strategic to work on them together. Help You Sleep! Be open to lancia, totally juggling around your ideas as you go through this. Dang, lots of paper, changes again this year, Sloan! The recommenders#8217; requirements also have been changed! And they shifted their Round 1 deadline out till later in September, which takes the pressure off when you#8217;re scrambling to lancia thesis, get other top schools done earlier in the month. And yes there#8217;s more! they now have two rounds for essay about an influential person LGO, instead of just one which was a tough process for many BSers. Lancia! These are all awesome improvements; they#8217;re streamlining, clarifying, and otherwise changing for about person in your the better. Yet Sloan is lancia thesis navigation, still Sloan!

You will not be able to essay person life, reuse anything you#8217;ve done for any other school (except for the parts that capture YOU; those parts won#8217;t need to lancia, be changed!). Organic Research Articles! We have revised our MIT SnarkStrategies Guide to thesis navigation, reflect all of this and how it impacts your strategy as a Class of 2020 MBA applicant. Help You Sleep! There#8217;s also been a number of posts on the EssaySnark blahg about the MIT Sloan cover letter and navigation, resume this year see the Snark Info on easy way write term paper Sloan section below for thesis navigation some highlights. We also definitely recommend getting up to Boston to experience Sloan for yourself, and emerson fate, if not, then be sure to get in front of the adcom in one of their traveling sessions if at all possible. This really will help you quite a bit. For some additional insights into MIT Sloan, we live-tweeted an MIT admissions chat in late August 2015.

From @MITSloanAdcom: Common mistake is people who don#39;t follow instructions-seems like common sense but happens more often then you think. From @MITSloanAdcom: It can certainly be a challenge for intl student to work in the US but many of thesis navigation, our intl grads work abroad for US cos. Easy Way Write! Someone asked how recent is lancia thesis, recent for help you sleep essay: the choice is yours but we typically recommend that the thesis, experience be w/in the last 3 yrs. Here#39;s a good Q: Do you expect managerial experience from candidates or will demonstrated leadership experience in other roles suffice ? The @MITSloanAdcom#39;s answer: Leadership in help you sleep other roles is perfectly fine. Navigation! The average work experience is typically 5 years.

At least they#39;re still consistent on essays this! We would prefer a one page resume. All schools do BTW. Lancia Navigation! From @MITSloanAdcom: The only advice I have for interview is to print your application and ralph essay, think of new examples to talk about! Confirming what we#39;ve been saying for years now: From @MITSloanAdcom: I always encourage people to apply in round 1 if possible. Pick up the lancia thesis, 2017 MIT essay guide to learn how to approach the easy way write, app! It#8217;s been completely revised for navigation this year#8217;s requirements.

Your approach for MIT must be different they evaluate your application based on specific criteria that are unique to 2013 college essays, them. If you want to understand how this works, please pick up the lancia navigation, SnarkStrategies Guide for ralph emerson essay MIT it will help you grasp what#8217;s so very unique about this school#8217;s admissions criteria, compared to lancia, other top MBA programs. MIT 2017 FULL-TIME MBA Dates and Deadlines. Regular MBA and emerson essay, LGO Round 1: September 25, 2017 More applicant-friendliness from MIT this year! First, they moved their Rd 1 date out so that deadlines are going to be more staggered for lancia many of you in September. Big win! Second, they#8217;re now letting you apply to LGO in Round 1, too! Used to be, LGO apps were due in December and there was only one deadline, and it was definitely not optimized if you were trying for help you sleep other schools in Round 1. This is way better. Remember that while Rd 1 is always recommended, it is REALLY recommended at MIT based on lancia thesis how they manage their process. Rd 1 interview invitations will start going out on October 5th and then come on every Thursday until November 2nd, when applicants they won#8217;t be moving forward with will be released.

For those being interviewed, a final decision comes in asian background essay mid December like other top schools. LGO Round 2: December 4, 2017 if you#8217;re interested in LGO then this can work too but for most of you, Round 1 will be better due to timing of thesis navigation, decisions with other schools. (LGO is a joint degree with MIT Engineering, you can find out more here .) Regular MBA Round 2: January 17, 2018 yay thank you also MIT for keeping your Round 2 date later. OMG jumping up and down you make the #8216;Snark happy on behalf of all future BSers everywhere. We expect Round 2 interview invitations will go out in waves starting February 21, with Round 2 release to term paper, happen on March 3. Interviews will be conducted by the adcom in international locations from February 27 to thesis navigation, March 27. Background Essay! Please note that MIT had only two rounds for admission up through the 2015-2016 application cycle, so it#8217;s very possible that you could read posts from the #8216;Snarchives that are outdated in how they talk about timing of an application strategy for this school. Navigation! Always check to see that the information you#8217;re consuming here and elsewhere is current and applicable to the current year! There are a lot of changes with the MIT admissions requirements! The 2017 MIT Application Guide is now available, with a full discussion of what to do and how to maximize your chances in light of the 2013 college essays, new application.

For Reference: MIT#8217;s Past-Season Questions. Included in thesis navigation case anyone wants to see what Sloan asked before. Click to view last year's questions. 2016 MIT Essays EssaySnark#8217;s Analysis. They are officially going retro! MIT has restored their classic #8220;cover letter#8221; question, which was the very first form of an #8220;introduce yourself#8221; type essay that any school ever instituted.

Good news: We#8217;ve got lots of experience in helping successful applicants work through this important deliverable! Cover Letter: Please submit a cover letter seeking a place in the MIT Sloan MBA Program. Your letter should conform to a standard business correspondence and asian essay, be addressed to Mr. Rod Garcia, Senior Director of Admissions. (250 words or fewer for the body of the letter) Resume: Please submit a resume that includes your employment history and thesis, academic record in reverse chronological order. Other information appropriate to a business resume is emerson fate, welcomed and encouraged. (no more than 1 page in length) Thankfully they#8217;ve clarified now that the lancia thesis navigation, 250 words is the body of the cover letter only! On each of these EssaySnark school essay question and info pages, we always retain our commentary from past seasons#8217; app requirements at the bottom and in the case of MIT Sloan, we#8217;re going to recommend you actually go through and read all of that.

The info on last year#8217;s app can give some context into the changes that the college essays, adcom has been making. Also, to fill you in, the cover letter requirement was a staple of the MIT app through 2012 when it was but one of a suite of essays. This 2016 MIT Sloan MBA application is a hybrid of tried-and-true requirements that have been updated to the modern era of MBA applications. As an example of the lancia thesis navigation, modern era, they#8217;ve again kept their #8220;Additional Information#8221; optional submission, which we actually say is not optional this is one of the very few schools where you really do want to submit something for this: Optional Question: The Admissions Committee invites you to easy way write term paper, share additional information about thesis navigation, yourself, in any format. Way Write Term! If you choose a multimedia format, please host the information on a website and provide us with the URL. Please keep all videos and media limited to 2:00 minutes total in length. Please keep all written essays to 500 words or less. If hosting your submission on a website, please ensure you provide an lancia thesis navigation unprotected link (no password required). Instead of this being a traditional #8220;optional essay#8221; which we typically suggest you DON#8217;T submit unless you have to in order to explain something, in this case, for MIT, we suggest you DO come up with something to include here particularly this year when there#8217;s only the single essay for essay an influential in your the app.

Our MIT essay guide goes into all the strategy behind this suggestion. We have revised our comprehensive MIT SnarkStrategies Guide to thesis, reflect all of this and how it impacts your strategy as a Class of 2019 MBA applicant. We do NOT recommend buying any previous season version of this school#8217;s guide; it will NOT help you with the help you sleep, core application and the details involved with this year#8217;s strategy. Lancia Navigation! They#8217;ve also kept their post-interview-invite essay where they want you to tell a story about being successful in the context of their mission a classic #8220;culture#8221; type question: The mission of the MIT Sloan School of essays, Management is to develop principled, innovative leaders who improve the world and to generate ideas that advance management practice. Please share with us something about your past that aligns with this mission. (250 words or fewer). Only those who are lucky enough to get invited to the interview stage will need to lancia navigation, do this additional essay (we actually suggest you write it when you write your cover letter though! our essay guide explains why, and how). How long and in college what capacity have you known the applicant?

How does the applicant stand out from lancia navigation others in a similar capacity? Please give an example of the essay, applicant#8217;s impact on a person, group, or organization. Please give a representative example of how the applicant interacts with other people. Lancia Navigation! Which of the applicant#8217;s personal or professional characteristics would you change? If you are an academic/technical recommender, please tell us how well the applicant mastered the subject you taught or supervised and in what ways did the applicant demonstrate this mastery. (LGO only?) Please tell us anything else you think we should know about this applicant. Our Recommender#8217;s Instruction Sets can be especially useful for this school! [end discussion of MIT#8217;s last-year questions] 2015 MIT Essays EssaySnark#8217;s Analysis. Update 3/9/16: MIT says that 5% of the class will be admitted in Round 3, but they’re discouraging international applicants due to potential visa timing issues. MIT WAS PICKY IN ROUND 1. Ralph Essay! They#8217;re clearly going for an improvement to their rankings based on a strengthening of the lancia navigation, class profile. We expect average GMAT score to go up even further at MIT for the Class of 2018, based on the outcomes we#8217;re seeing from them so far this season. (We did predict that, back in organic chemistry research articles May#8230;) Thankfully (. ) MIT has modified its application this year. Their essay questions the past two cycles were straight-up awful for BSers to deal with.

This year they#8217;ve gone down to lancia, ONE main question which normally we#8217;d be rather unhappy about, except that they#8217;re also introducing a system sort of similar to HBS, where you submit a second essay if you#8217;re invited to interview. (Harvard#8217;s Post-Interview Reflection is not the same, but it#8217;s the same idea: get another submission from the applicant at the interview stage.) AND while on first glance it appeared that MIT retained the worst of the asian background, worst of its essay prompts from last year (see below), actually they changed that too! All around positives. The other big change? They#8217;re EXPANDING their admissions cycle to thesis, three rounds. About An Influential! For a very long time, MIT has had just two rounds yet for several years running, we#8217;ve heard that they accepted #8220;late#8221; applications after their January Round 2 date was past. Lancia Navigation! So they sort of kind of let you apply after their final deadline anyway. They#8217;re now standardizing to do what every other top school does. Three Rounds.

September, January, April. Asian! Cool. The main application essay question is what we#8217;re most pleased about. Here it is: Tell us about thesis navigation, a recent success you had: How did you accomplish this? Who else was involved? What hurdles did you encounter? What type of impact did this have? (500 words or fewer). This is college, such a classic #8220;significant achievement#8221; question that we#8217;re practically rejoicing here in Snarkville. Such questions let applicants communicate in ways that are revealing at least, provided the applicant does a good job with the lancia navigation, question! The question itself is absolutely awesome: It has subparts that guide you on essay fate what to focus on, it#8217;s a reasonable length to convey what#8217;s needed, and it#8217;s unambiguous. Thank you, Sloan!

We have a category for posts here on the blahg called #8220;essay types #8216;achievement#8217; essays#8221; which you may want to investigate if you#8217;re researching how to approach this. Our wait for it Accomplishments Achievements App Accelerator may also be useful in lancia thesis hashing through your possible topics and figuring out person life, which #8220;recent success#8221; is going to be most effective for you to present. What other goodness is lancia navigation, coming from the MIT announcement? Well, they’re retaining their “Additional Information” optional submission, which we have always liked. Here’s the wording for that: Optional Question: The Admissions Committee invites you to share anything else you would like us to know about you, in any format.

Good stuff already coming @MITSloanAdcom chat: It is highly recommended you also submit optional essay (tho it#39;s schoolspecific advice!) They#8217;re also introducing a post-interview-invite essay requirement which looks remarkably similar to what they asked as a main essay prompt for the past two years, except that they fixed the help you sleep, awkwardness of it and now they#8217;re just asking you to tell another story about being successful somehow: The mission of the MIT Sloan School of lancia, Management is to about person life, develop principled, innovative leaders who improve the world and to lancia thesis navigation, generate ideas that advance management practice. Please share with us something about 2013, your past that aligns with this mission. (250 words or fewer). MIT had a near-identical question as its Essay 1 for lancia thesis two years and almost entirely because of that, had been recognized here in ralph emerson essay fate Snarkville as having the worst essay questions. Lancia Thesis! This new version of the prompt is much better though 250 words is asian, very short. If you are in lancia thesis the lucky position of being invited to interview at MIT, you definitely will want to avail yourself of the benefits in our Sloan essay strategy guide #8212; though hopefully you will get the essay, guide right away so that you can benefit from the entire strategy we lay forth! As of that early May 2015 announcement of the new essay questions, their app requirements page had NOT been fully edited and lancia navigation, updated (once again, MIT exhibits sloppiness as of easy term, this writing on 5/10/15, they have the new essay questions listed at thesis navigation, the top but then the discussion of emerson essay, Letters of Recommendation talks about an navigation #8220;essay #2#8221; which is a leftover comment from essay an influential person in your last year#8217;s app).

We#8217;re not saying that we never have errors on our site but on a school#8217;s app requirements page? Proofread, Sloan Adcom, proofread. 7/16/15 Good news! MIT continues to lancia navigation, introduce applicant-friendly changes. We#8217;ve now discovered that they ditched the ridiculous suggestion that applicants submit a resume in Sloan#8217;s own resume format, and 2013 college essays, that the resume could be only #8220;50 lines.#8221; These restrictions were just silly, and created undue stress for lancia navigation candidates. You still should only be submitting a one-page resume (that#8217;s true for any school) but now you don#8217;t have to help you sleep, worry about a particular format for a particular school (especially when that format did not even demonstrate best practices for MBA applicants). Thank you, Sloan Adcom, for thesis navigation coming around!! MIT 2015 Dates and Deadlines. MIT now has three rounds! That means: Be careful about any posts you read here on the blahg about #8220;two rounds#8221; and MIT.

We have discussed the implications of this change to three rounds in the 2015 MIT Application Guide but we have not gone back over our historical posts here on organic chemistry articles this site to offer warnings or corrections what we may have said in the past about application strategy at MIT may not apply to this new world of thesis, a standardized admissions cycle. Help You Sleep! Round 1: September 17, 2015 almost a week earlier than Rd 1 was last year. Traditionally this has been the navigation, most advantageous at MIT but we don#8217;t know if that will hold true quite in easy paper the same way this year (Rd 1 is always recommended but it used to be REALLY recommended at MIT based on how they managed their two-round cycle; Rd 1 will still be an advantage, but it#8217;s a TBD on how big of an advantage it will be going forward at this school). Based on lancia navigation a 10/7/15 announcement on the MIT blog , interview invitations this year will work the same as they did last year in Round 1: They#8217;ll start going out in mid-October, through the easy way write paper, #8220;week of November 9th#8221; (not sure why they can#8217;t name the actual day?). That#8217;s when the thesis, Round 1 #8220;release from consideration#8221; happens, which is a nice way to say #8220;no#8221; to you if they#8217;re not interested. Organic Research Articles! For those being interviewed, a final decision comes in mid December like other top schools. Round 2: January 14, 2016 . This jives with what happened last season, which actually was not what was originally planned. They had set Round 2 to be January 8, 2015, but then at the last minute, it was EXTENDED TO JANUARY 13th. Round 2 is thesis, always viable at MIT. Round 2 interview invitations will going out the week of February 15th (same as last year), with Round 2 release to easy, happen somewhere around March 1st.

Round 3 THIS IS NEW: April 11, 2016. We don#8217;t generally post Round 3 deadlines here on the blahg because it#8217;s typically near-impossible to get in then. HOWEVER: Since Round 3 is navigation, NEW at MIT, then we can only expect that they have modified their internal admissions processes to leave spots open for candidates at that stage. We still believe it will be difficult to get in on an influential person a Round 3 app but in this case, it may not be quite so difficult as it would be elsewhere. YMMV. Whew! That#8217;s a lot of change! If you want to understand how this works, please pick up the SnarkStrategies Guide for MIT (2015 version) it will help you grasp what#8217;s so very unique about this school#8217;s admissions criteria, compared to other top MBA programs. And of lancia thesis, course, you get a full discussion of the impact of the changes with the addition of Round 3 and everything else. The 2015 guide was totally overhauled from 2014; this is not an edit or refresh, it#8217;s a completely new book! [end discussion of MIT#8217;s 2015 questions] Click to view 2014 questions.

2014 MIT Essays EssaySnark#8217;s Analysis. Here#8217;s what we said when the 2014 questions came out#8230; remember this analysis is from a previous year. The mission of the person, MIT Sloan School of Management is to develop principled, innovative leaders who improve the navigation, world and to emerson fate, generate ideas that advance management practice. Discuss how you will contribute toward advancing the mission based on examples of past work and lancia thesis, activities. Asian Background! (500 words or fewer) Write a professional letter of recommendation on behalf of yourself. Answer the following questions as if you were your most recent supervisor recommending yourself for thesis navigation admission to the MIT Sloan MBA Program: (750 words or fewer) How long and in what capacity have you known the applicant? Really, MIT? REALLY.

How does the essays, applicant stand out from others in a similar capacity? Please give an example of the applicant#8217;s impact on a person, group, or organization. Please give a representative example of how the applicant interacts with other people. Which of the applicant#8217;s personal or professional characteristics would you change? Please tell us anything else you think we should know about this applicant. At least they kept the Optional Information thing (see the 2013 Questions section below on that; we recommend everyone submit something). They also kept essentially the same deadlines as they had in lancia navigation 2013. [end discussion of about person in your, MIT#8217;s 2014 questions]

Click to view 2013 questions. 2013 Essays EssaySnark#8217;s Analysis. Here#8217;s what we said when the thesis navigation, 2013 questions came out. College Essays! Wow! No cover letter. [They had this cover-letter thing as part of their app for YEARS.

Decades, maybe. They ditched it in 2013.] They really switched things up! Bschool admissions peeps seem to be in lancia thesis a contest to do more things differently in 2013. Here#8217;s the Sloan 2013 essay questions: The mission of the MIT Sloan School of Management is to develop principled, innovative leaders who improve the world and generate ideas that advance management practice. Discuss how you will contribute toward advancing the mission based on examples of asian, past work and activities. (500 words/one page max) Describe a time [within the last three years] when you pushed yourself beyond your comfort zone. Lancia Thesis Navigation! (500 words/one page max) Optional Question: The Admissions Committee invites you to share anything else you would like us to know about you, in any format. First note: ESSAY 1 IS HARD. Second note: While most every school allows an #8220;optional essay#8221;, in way write term most cases, we advise to thesis, only write it when you have something important to explain that you can#8217;t cover elsewhere in the app (typically a gap in employment, not getting a rec from chemistry a current supervisor, what happened during college and that low GPA, etc.). For MIT, we recommend that EVERYONE submit the #8220;Optional Question#8221; and in navigation particular that you do so using a non-written format if possible e.g., video or something snappy.

Note though: They don#8217;t allow uploads. Help You Sleep! It must be posted somewhere on the web, but not behind a password (no protected Dropbox links); and no Flash. We talk about all this in the Sloan SnarkStrategies Guide which has been totally revamped to help you with these very unique essay challenges. [end discussion of 2013 questions] Click to lancia, view 2012 questions. Research! A cover letter and two essays: Please prepare a cover letter (up to 500 words) seeking a place in the MIT Sloan MBA program. Your letter should describe your accomplishments, address any extenuating circumstances that may apply to your application, and conform to standard business correspondence. Lancia Thesis Navigation! Your letter should be addressed to Mr. Rod Garcia, Senior Director of Admissions. Articles! Essay 1: Please describe a time when you had to convince a person or a group of your idea. Essay 2: Please describe a time when you overcame a personal setback. Lancia Navigation! [end discussion of 2012 questions] MIT Links, Important App Info, and Some Snark. official school pages:

EssaySnark#8217;s posts on MIT: We haven#8217;t reviewed too many MIT essays on the blahg, however there#8217;s plenty of other schools with similar-enough questions that we have covered: We go into great detail in the Sloan essay guide on how to handle the questions that this school asks. Start there. Then, if you want an MIT essay reviewed for asian essay free! on the blahg, try sending it over! If you#8217;re looking for personalized and private help, then our standard Essay Decimator is ideal (we strongly suggest writing BOTH ESSAYS together at once; that way, you can get your entire pitch critiqued, and you#8217;ll be ahead of the game when it#8217;s time for that interview invite to come along!). Lancia Navigation! 2017 MBA Application Strategy Guides. The 2017 Darden MBA Application Guide - rewritten almost from scratch to help you sleep, help you with the 2017 app! The 2017 Michigan Ross Essay Guide - totally new to help you with the nine short-answer options and your career goals! The 2017 MIT Essay Guide with brand-new material on the cover letter and lancia navigation, the 'introduce yourself' video.

The 2017 Duke Essay Guide - covers the 25 Random Things essay and easy way write, all the rest too! The 2017 Harvard MBA Application Guide - refreshed with new details and thesis navigation, strategies for your Class of 2020 app. Brave Supplicants' latest reviews on The 'Snark. Essays! I think that the reviewer raised a lot of good points, but a) three pages of lancia thesis, feedback on a 250 word . As a re-applicant, I knew I needed considerable improvement to college, my pitch in order to maximize my . Lancia Thesis Navigation! What were we snarking about at life, this time in past years? 2016 : Round 2 Countdown has started 2016 : Being prepared for your MBA interview 2016 : ($) If you get fired, do you need to tell the adcom? 2016 : Good luck for HBS applicants! 2015 : ($) The wanderer wants to use bschool to find a new path. 2014 : Did you just discover EssaySnark?

2013 : Success Story! A Journey to lancia thesis navigation, the Center of America: A Saga (Part 2: The First Year) 2013 : More on visiting schools 2012 : ($) What about a lower-ranked program? (No, lower than that) 2011 : essay critique: Columbia essay 2 life experience EssaySnark® is a registered trademark. All content copyright 2010-2017 Snarkolicious Press · Privacy Policy.

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Discuss the lancia navigation process of female objectification through the works of Olympia [1863] by Manet, Les Demoiselles dAvignon [1907] by Pablo Picasso and Violin dIngres [1924] by Man Ray. Free essay example: Discuss the process of easy way write female objectification through the works of Olympia [1863] by. Manet, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon [1907] by thesis navigation Pablo Picasso and Violin d’Ingres [1924] by Man Ray. “Female objectification occurs when you regard or treat a woman as a thing or an object, separate from her personal and human attributes or characteristics.” [1] This definition is fitting when it comes to asian exploring the works of Manet, Picasso and Man Ray as they all share in navigation the process of female objectification, which are presented through a variety of techniques within their works. These techniques are most notably the use of symbolism, the composition of the nudes and the embellishments which surrounded the subjects. The process of female objectification is also shown stylistically throughout the artist’s works whether it be traditional art, modern techniques or contemporary movements- all of help you sleep which invoke numerous interpretations. The painting of Olympia [1863] was described by Manet to show female objectification through “the debasement of women, their inferior social status, their exploitation as sex objects and their simultaneous elevation.” [2] Manet does this successfully throughout the painting, helped by the usage of objects surrounding Olympia herself and within the background of the piece; this helps the progression of female objectification as Manet is able to then use these objects to help ‘sexualise’ her further.

Manet uses Olympia’s lavish jewellery to denote her place within society; she wears a gold bracelet (symbolising her wealth) however it is the lancia earrings Olympia wears which help to reveal her to help you sleep be a prostitute. Although the earrings themselves also symbolise riches, in the start of the lancia twentieth century within Europe, this was considered to be a sign of 2013 college essays a common woman. She also wears an orchid in her hair, which symbolises sensuality, along with one of her slippers carelessly tossed to the ground, which give further indication to her profession. [3] The most ironic object however, is the pearl drop attached to the black velvet ribbon around her neck, which is scarcely visible due to Olympia’s pale skin tone, showing the navigation stark contrast of her riches and indications as to how it was acquired. The pearl itself would normally indicate innocence and decorum, however the sharp contrast of the black ribbon on essay about an influential life, her skin represents the division between her head (her psychological disposition) with her appearance of an upper class woman, and the rest of thesis her body (her physical disposition), Olympia’s ‘dark’ and licentious occupation. [4] The symbolic use and common understanding of these objects clearly show the process of female objectification as they make it blatantly clear to the viewer what her occupation is. The black cat within the painting also helps to further objectify Olympia and helps to asian background essay give knowledge of her occupation further. Since the medieval period cats have been a symbol of lancia thesis navigation lust and college promiscuity, and navigation prostitute were often nickname “cats,” [5] giving a huge indication of Olympia’s profession.

However, historians have argued that Olympia was sexualised further as an object as: “ the cat is symbolic of animal activity and sexuality. The cat’s tail is background raised in a mockery of a phallus.” Thus, showing the underlying message of Olympia’s occupation of a prostitute, objectified for the viewer’s pleasure. Thesis. The thick application of paint used to college paint the cats tail, gives a sense of movement and rapidity to the tail which further underlines the rampant and animalistic nature of Olympia’s profession and objectification. Picasso’s “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon”, meaning “the tarts of Avignon” instantly give away the females profession as prostitutes however, if this has been missed by the viewer, the use of objects is also used to depict the sense of lancia thesis promiscuity and help you sleep give away the lancia thesis females occupation. College Essays. This can be seen by the ‘alien style’ bowl of fruit in the foreground drawn angularly, and contrasting sharply with the lancia thesis navigation white and black drapery surrounding it [6] . Art historian Wayne Andersen states that “the pear and grapes. could be seen as a woman’s sexe, the pear fleshy vulva invitingly parted, the grapes of organic chemistry research articles curly pubic hair,” [7] symbolising the lancia thesis navigation objectification of Les Demoiselles as prostitutes and thus sexual of the ralph emerson male viewers and their male clients. In Man Ray’s ‘Violin d’Ingres’, he turns his model ‘Kiki’ into lancia thesis, an object, the violin. In Your Life. Man Ray painted the ‘f-holes’ of the lancia thesis navigation violin onto the photograph and then ‘rephotographed’ it, changing what should have been an original nude into asian background essay, a distorted photographic mixture, historian Susan Siegfried states that this technique of objectifying the woman “disrupt our expectations about this appropriate nude. Animate and thesis inanimate, tradition and avant garde, respect and ridicule, the elegant and the grotesque- all these are juxtaposed.” [8] The simple brushstrokes turns the chemistry research articles whole meaning of the image into something quite witty and somewhat comical, with a disconcerting past thought of the model’s armless figure. The title of the piece itself depicts the model’s profession as a prostitute, ‘Le Violin d’Ingres’, a French phrase meaning “hobby”. This in itself leads to the connotations that although Ingres’ pastime was playing the navigation violin, ‘playing’ with Kiki also was a ‘hobby’ of Man Ray.

The picture can be said to “maintain a tension between objectification and appreciation of the female form”. Asian Background. [9] Like Manet’s Olympia, Man Ray has also used objects to navigation sexually objectify the female. Help You Sleep. This can be seen by the turban placed on the models head; however the background of the piece must be explored to understand the meaning of lancia thesis it. Historians Cathrin Klingsohr-Leroy and background essay Uta Grosenick argue that “we instinctively think of the importance of stringed instruments to lancia thesis navigation the Cubists who incorporated [instruments] into their complex still lifes. While in Analytic Cubism they were merely lifeless, sexless objects, Man Ray’s “violin” gives the life photo an erotic aura.” Both historians then carry on and suggest that this is emphasised by the reference to the classicist painter Jean Auguste Dominque Ingres and his famous ‘Turkish Bath,’ where the central nude has her back to lancia the viewer. This is shown within Man Ray’s piece, as he has drawn her with such ‘cold precision’ that she emits such sensuality. This shows the 2013 college essays importance of the turban as it has been said to ‘pick up’ on Ingres’ oriental ambience, but also an ‘ironic comment’ on the cold eroticism of the Turkish bath scene. Lancia Thesis Navigation. [10] In Man Ray’s words “the instrument [the female] is simply ready and waiting for the soloist [the male]”, this furthermore objectifies her as a sexual object, waiting there only to pleasure a man. The process of female objectification can also be shown through the works of Picasso and Manet through the usage of hanging cloths and sheets. In Picasso’s Les Demoiselles, there is one woman who stands out from all the others, she has her elbow lifted and has pulled the sheet across her thigh.

Art historians have also said that the bowl of fruit/phallus is the viewer’s “erect penis and it points towards the woman of our choice”, [11] showing that the female is objectified as the artist intended the viewer to help you sleep be male. Although this woman appears to be standing, she has crossed her legs and her hands are behind her head, she has poised herself into lancia, a position we would associate her to be lying down, even though her body seems to be perpendicular to our line of sight. By lying down, the viewer can easily identify the woman as a prostitute, and further sexually objectifies her. Similarly, in Manet’s Olympia she is also presented in such a position that her profession is given away. Help You Sleep. The sheet is spread lazily across her bed instead of thesis covering any of her naked body, and she is ralph emerson essay seen sitting elevated in an evocative manner, again, completely sexualising Olympia for the male viewer’s pleasure. As mentioned above, the positioning of the female body and the nakedness of the lancia thesis navigation females further objectifies them as sexual objects for asian, man’s pleasure and thesis desire.

In Manet’s Olympia, she gazes directly at the spectator whilst her maid gazes intently at her, art historian Cherene Sherrard-Johnson states that “Olympia’s gaze and the gaze of her maid disconcert viewers by preventing easy identification and erotic pleasure,” [12] meaning that viewers are somewhat embarrassed and almost aroused by organic chemistry articles the blatancy of Olympia’s profession, further objectifying her. The position of Olympia’s hand does not look as if she is navigation attempting to cover any modesty but instead is poised over her vagina in self satisfying manner, this coupled with her gaze that was described as “making her the viewer not the subject of the portrait [13] ”, depicts that she is a proud, powerful sexual icon, however she is objectified in the sense that although she may control her own sexual desire, she is ultimately reliant on mans desires to fund her lavish lifestyle. Olympia is further objectified as an object of sexual desire through presenting her as a sexually appealing woman. This is done through the colour of her skin tone, a stark paleness which was considered attractive within society at the time of the painting. However, pale skin was also considered to symbolise wealth, so by making Olympia pale, Manet was challenging the acuity of the vocation and art within society at the time. By making Olympia sexually attractive this further objectifies her for man’s satisfaction only.

In Picasso’s portrait the figures also stare at the viewer, even the woman standing from a portrait angle, again similar to Olympia, this gives the feeling that the viewer is the subject and ralph emerson fate desire of the prostitute’s gazes. The females have also been painted in different variations of cubism, and lancia this has the effect of reinforcing their intense gaze as the 2013 viewer will often look at the women’s styles individually before realising that the figures are naked. It is when the viewer looks at the naked females, that they are then objectified as the viewer will then make the connection of them being sexual objects, and then will link their profession to prostitution. The copying and somewhat mocking of classical paintings which can be seen in Man Ray and Manet’s pieces further objectify women as sexual objects. Man ray’s Violin de Ingres is a mimic of navigation his earlier painting ‘The Valpincon Bather’, painted in term paper a neo-classical style. Charles Baudelaire described The Valpincon Bather as having “deep voluptuousness, yet in many ways she is presented as essentially chaste”, [14] he also argues that any contradiction to this statement such as the turn of her neck and the creases in her bed are counteracted by thesis the “cool tone in which her flesh is rendered as well as by elements such as the cool and elegant black-veined marble to the left of research articles her.” [15] It is evident that Violin de Ingres is a direct opposite of this piece, as she is presented anything but ‘chaste’, sitting in a similar poise, Violin de Ingres is depicted as a violin, a ‘fiddle’, showing that she is lancia navigation “played” and “fiddled” with, demonstrating clearly that she is a prostitute, and this objectifies her, as she is again seen as only an help you sleep object for men’s sexual desire, unlike the lancia thesis bather who is organic chemistry articles depicted as a ‘pure’ innocent woman with little sexual desire. Manet’s Olympia is also a mockery of Titian’s “Venus of navigation Urbino”, as it is compositionally and stylistically similar. Manet’s Olympia is stylistically similar to Titian’s Venus of Urbino as Olympia is surrounded by a thin dark outline, which was popular in the renaissance period and often used by the artists.

The replacement of the organic research articles black cat to Manet’s painting is also evident, and further helps to thesis navigation objectify Olympia. Easy Way Write. In Titian’s Venus, a dog is seen in lancia thesis the painting which symbolised fertility with no other sexual connotations unlike Manet’s Olympia. The composition of both females is also parallel, however what separates Venus from essays prostitution is arguably the position of her hand compared to that of thesis Olympia’s. Olympia’s, as mentioned earlier, gives away her profession as she covers her vagina in a dominating and term sexually suggestive manner, she is not ashamed of the viewer seeing her gentiles, but that she has the power to decide who sees her so intimately, where as Venus’ hand is delicately poised over her sex in a more innocent manner. By mocking and modifying iconic pieces of historical art that viewers would have been familiar with and would have compared to, this would identify the thesis two women as prostitutes and further emphasizes them as sexual objects meant only for college, male desire. Lancia Thesis Navigation. In conclusion, through many stylistic and artistic methods the artists have achieved female objectification. These methods include the use of chemistry research articles objects that surround or embellish the subject(s) within the painting, along with their symbolism and implications that help the lancia viewer to identify the women as prostitutes and college essays objects of sexual desire. By coupling the use of lancia objects with sexual connotations, the women are sexually objectified through nakedness to draw in the viewer who becomes aware that he is looking at a woman with sexual desire and essay about an influential person life motive.

The women are then further objectified by mocking classical art, in which the viewer can clearly connect and identify the women as prostitutes and sexually promiscuous whilst ridiculing ‘traditional art’. With all these methods and techniques lacing each piece, Manet, Picasso and Man Ray have successfully accomplished female objectification. Word Count: 2,347. Harrison, Charles. Thesis Navigation. Art in theory: 1900 - 1990 ; an anthology of chemistry research changing ideas . Reprinted. ed. Oxford: Blackwell, 2009. Hess, Thomas B., and Linda Nochlin. Woman as sex object; studies in erotic art, 1730-1970. . London: Allen Lane, 1972. Johnson, Cherene.

Portraits of the new Negro woman . New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2007. Leroy, Cathrin, and Uta Grosenick. Lancia Navigation. Surrealism . Koln: Taschen, 2004. Miller, Andrew H., and James Eli Adams. Sexualities in Victorian Britain . College Essays. Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1996. Rosenblum, Robert.

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres . Lancia Navigation. New York: H.N. Abrams, 1967. Siegfried, Susan L.. Fingering Ingres . Oxford: Blackwell, 2001. Le Violon d'Ingres (Ingres's Violin) (Getty Museum) . The Getty . N.p., n.d.

Web. 21 Nov. 2010. http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=61240. Andersen, Wayne V.. Picasso's brothel: les demoiselles d'Avignon . New York: Other Press, 2002. Essay Fate. Print. Eduardo Manet's Olympia.

Olympia . N.p., n.d. Web. Navigation. 21 Nov. 2010. victoriancontexts.pbworks.com/w/page/12407336/Edouard-Monet's-Olympia:-Comfortable-in-Her-Own-Skin. Female Objectification, A Collection of Images | p.a.p.-blog | human rights etc.. Emerson. p.a.p.-blog | human rights etc. | human rights from the perspective of thesis politics, art and philosophy (hence p.a.p.), but also law, economics statistics . N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Dec. 2010. http://filipspagnoli.wordpress.com/2009/11/26/female-objectification-a-collection-of-images/. Les Demoiselles.

Smart History . N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2010. smarthistory.org/les-demoiselles-davignon.html. The Bather, known as the ValpinA§on Bather Jean Auguste Dominique INGRES (Montauban, 1780-Paris, 1867) Paintings | Louvre Museum. Site officiel du musA©e du Louvre . N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2010. http://www.louvre.fr/llv/oeuvres/detail_notice.jsp?CONTENT%3C%3Ecnt_id=10134198673226356CURRENT_LLV_NOTICE%3C%3Ecnt_id=10134198673226356FOLDER%3C%3Efolder_id=9852723696500815fromDept=truebaseIndex=11bmUID=1189640270096bmLocale=en.

The Cat in Art: Symbol of college essays Idleness, Lust, and Evil. Lancia. Suite101.com: Online Magazine and Writers' Network . N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2010. http://www.suite101.com/content/the-cat-in-art-a29193#ixzz174rLBuQx. [1] Female objectification, http://filipspagnoli.wordpress.com/2009/11/26/female-objectification-a-collection-of-images/, [accessed 21/11/10] [2] Thomas B. Hess, Linda Nochlin, Woman as sex object: studies in erotic art, 1730-1970, (Allen Lane, London 1972) p.230. [3] Ander H. Miller, James Eli Adams, Sexualities in Victorian Britain, (Indiana, Indiana University Press, 1996), p.133. [4] Eduardo Manet's Olympia: Comfortable in Her Own Skin, http://victoriancontexts.pbworks.com/w/page/12407336/Edouard-Monet's-Olympia:-Comfortable-in-Her-Own-Skin, [accessed 22/11/10] [5] The Cat in Art: Symbol of Idleness, Lust and Evil, http://www.suite101.com/content/the-cat-in-art-a29193#ixzz174rLBuQx , [accessed 22/11/10] [6] Charles Harrison, Art in theory, 1900 - 2000: an anthology of changing ideas, (Oxford, Blackwell, 2009), p.209.

[7] Wayne Andersen, Picasso's brothel: les demoiselles d'Avignon, (Other Press, New York, 2002), p. 97. [8] Susan L. Siegfried, Fingering Ingres, (Oxford, Blackwell 2001), p. 122. [9] The J. Paul Getty Museum, http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=61240, [accessed 20/11/2010] [10] Cathrin Klingsohr-Leroy, Uta Grosenick, Surrealism, (Ko#776;ln, Taschen 2004), p.90. [11] Art of a global conflict, http://smarthistory.org/les-demoiselles-davignon.html, [accessed 20/11/10] [12] Cherene Sherrard-Johnson, Portraits of the way write paper new Negro woman, (Rutgers University Press, New Jersey, 2007), p.34. [14] Louvre, http://www.louvre.fr/llv/oeuvres/detail_notice.jsp?CONTENT%3C%3Ecnt_id=10134198673226356CURRENT_LLV_NOTICE%3C%3Ecnt_id=10134198673226356FOLDER%3C%3Efolder_id=9852723696500815fromDept=truebaseIndex=11bmUID=1189640270096bmLocale=en, [accessed 21/11/10] [15] Robert Rosenblum, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres , (H.N. Navigation. Abrams, New York 1967), p.66. This student written piece of work is background one of many that can be found in our University Degree Fine Art, Design Studies, Art History, Crafts section.

Join over 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by 29% Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month. Related University Degree Creative Arts and Design Skills and Knowledge Essays. Compare and Contrast two choreographers works and choreographic process. Word count: 4256. Compare and navigation contrast any two female free standing sculptures with any two male free . Word count: 1548.

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