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A Sample Hotel Business Plan Template FREE (Hospitality) Are you about starting a hotel and hospitality business? If YES, here is a complete sample hotel business plan template feasibility report you can use for easy FREE . Health Essay. Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a hotel business. We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample hotel marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for hotel businesses. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. What is the Essence of the Hospitality Industry? All over the world, the hospitality business is essay prompts being seen as a very serious trade and the reason for this cannot be farfetched. Q. The reason the essay hospitality business – especially hotel business is being taken seriously is ks1 writing sats 2007 because of its relationship with the tourism industry. Easy Prompts. Either locally or internationally, one of the ways to make people who arrive at unknown places at ease and for citations research paper making them feel comfortable is by having a very relaxed hotel in place for them to lodge in.
This is one of the reasons why the hotel business continues to witness a boom. Starting a hotel business could eventually be one of the easy prompts best things to attain for yourself. This is because of the lucrative nature and universal health care introduction the prosperity involved in this industry. Every day foreigners, as well as local migrants and business people travel from one point or the other and the option they are faced with is staying in hotels. It is pertinent to easy essay, note that there are different categories of hotels, like the 5 star, 4 star or even the 3 star hotels. One of the essential things that is unique to each category of hotel, are the facilities that make up each.
Whatever type of and description essay hotel category you may have is in view, there is always the most important step to take in making your business stand out, as well as succeed in the long run. What can this be? Well, that is the essay prompts hurdle of writing a business plan. One of the reasons why writing a business plan might be one of the rules for citations paper best things to easy essay, do is this. It helps you stay focused whilst trying to build your business to the height you want it to be. The various segments and technicality involved, also requires that a deep and thorough calculative approach is 2007 used to essay, arrive at rules for citations in a paper, the best of projections for your business. Writing a business might not pose too great a threat as you might think.
This is because it entails using a sample hotel business plan to write yours. As a matter of easy essay fact this approach is largely what some consultants’ use to ielts writing 2 essay plus essay), help their clients do justice to easy, writing a business plan. You too have the writing (100 essay) wherewithal to do so, as a well put together business plan is available to you below. A FREE Sample Hotel Business Plan Template. Essay. The hospitality industry has been in existence from time immemorial and it is still waxing strong simply because people can’t do away with the exemplification and description services they offer. When you talk about a hotel, you are talking about an establishment that provides lodging for guest / travelers, tourist, visitor et al, on essay prompts a short-term basis with a fee. When people lodge in hotels, they have the options of essay subscribing to other services the hotel offers; services like feeding, drinks, laundry, fitness center, swimming pool, conference room and business room, amongst others.
As a matter of fact, the facilities provided by some hotels may range from a basic bed and storage wardrobe, to luxury features such as en-suite bathrooms, mini parlor et al. It is the essay prompts norm for big hotels to provide additional guest facilities like swimming pool, conference center, business center, childcare, self-service laundry, fitness center and social function services. Essay Supportive. In some countries, hotels are required by law to serve food and drinks to easy, all their clients that lodged in their facility while in some country, you would have to choose the additional services you want from the hotel. The bottom line is the higher the mcat q amount you pay in hotels, the more the services you are entitled to. Starting a hotel business is capital intensive and it is considered a long term investment because it takes a while for the owners to breakeven and start making profits. No doubt it takes a big time investor to essay prompts, consider starting his or her own hotel business, which is why loads of hotels are owned by groups of investors.
One good thing about the hotel business is mcat essay scoring q that the business can grow so big that it will not only have active presence in key cities in the country where it started from, but in major cities in all the continent of the world. Easy Prompts. It is important to state that hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost which is why hotels are classified into different grades (two star hotel, five star hotel, seven star hotel et al). Sample Hotel Business Plan Template Executive Summary. Sean and Sharon Hotel will be located in the heart of Las Vegas less than 20 minute drive from McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas, and few minute drive from Mandalay Bay Event Center. We are conveniently located in the world’s headquarter for casinos and games; a commercial center. Sean Sharon Hotel believes in 2 essay (100 essay) the passionate pursuit of excellence and financial success with uncompromising services and integrity, which is why we have decided to venture into the hospitability industry by establishing our own hotel. We are certain that our values will help us drive the business to enviable heights and also help us attract the number of clients that will make our hotel fully booked all through the year. Prompts. We are going to be a customer-centric hotel with a service culture that will be deeply rooted in ks1 writing 2007 the fabric of our organizational structure and indeed at all levels of the organization.
With that, we know that we will be able to consistently achieve our set business goals, increase our profitability and reinforce our positive long-term relationships with our clientele, partners, and all our employees as well. Our hotel facility will be decorated in an exquisite and elegant facade, so much so that it will be a conspicuous edifice in essay prompts the city where it is located. Sean Sharon Hotel will provide a conducive spot for our customers to take a break from their various busy schedule, to sats 2007, a place where they can find comfort and luxury. Sean and Sharon hotel will be equipped with a business center and a VIP lounge, as well as a Fitness room and self-service laundry which will be made available for resident guests at no extra cost. We will also install a free Wi-Fi that will enable our guests surf the internet with their laptop in the hotel room free of charge, and there will be wireless access in all the public area in the hotel; we will also provide mobile phones for loan to business travelers for their convenience so as to easy prompts, enable them stay in ielts (100 essay) – touch with their family members, friends, and business partners. No doubt our business class guest rooms will provide our customers with a warm and comfortable home away from home experience, large banquet venue, as well as Chinese and Intercontinental cuisine. We are set to give our esteemed guests an prompts unforgettable experience whenever they patronize our hotel. Rules For Citations In A Paper. Sean and Sharon Hotel is easy essay owned by Sean Glacier, Sharon Glacier and and description other investors whose names can’t be mentioned in essay this business plan for obvious reasons. The owners and essay board members of essay prompts Sean and Sharon hotel are big time investors in the hospitality industry. Sharon Glacier has well over 20 years of experience in exemplification and description hotel management and she has a Master’s Degree in Hotel Management. She will be bringing her wealth of experience to the table to easy essay prompts, make Sean and Sharon Hotel the number one choice in Las Vegas.
Over and above we are building a hotel business that will be the cynosure of all eyes. One that competes favorably with other hotels that is in existence in rules for citations in a research Las Vegas. We plan to do this bearing in mind that it would take hard work, loads of prompts financial commitment, as well as well trained employees who can be indoctrinated in the quest for building a top notch hotel in ks1 writing sats papers 2007 the Las Vegas city. Sean and Sharon Hotel is prompts set to operate a standard hotel service in Las Vegas, Nevada. The point that we want to become a force to universal health care, reckon with in the hospitality industry means that we will provide our guests with fitness room, social room, and self-service laundry room and business center; for the purpose of business or leisure and more. Easy Essay Prompts. In all that we do, we will ensure that our guests leave with an ielts task (100 plus unforgettable experience that will make them want to easy, come back as well as recommend our hotel to their friends, family members and business partners. These are the services and amenities that will be made available to our guests; Lodging Meals (Local Delicacies, Chinese cuisines and intercontinental cuisines et al) Drinks (wines, beers, distilled spirits, martinis, beverages and non – alcoholic drinks) Swimming pool Gym Self – service laundry room Business center Mini mart Conference room Banquet venue Childcare Shuttle service. Our vision is to open a standard hotel that will become the number one choice in Las Vegas. Our mission is to deliver reliable, genuine, caring and excellent service superior to what our competition can offer in any location where our hotel will be situated and to ensure that our hotel enjoys over 90 percent occupancy in papers 2007 most parts of the calendar year. The success of any business is to easy essay prompts, a larger extent dependent on the business structure of the organization and the people who occupy the available role.
Sean and Sharon Hotel will work with a business structure that will give room to employees to in a research paper, explore their creativity, give a sense of easy essay prompts belonging, as well as grow through the corporate ladder of the organization. We will work hard to ensure that we only recruit the right set of people with the right mindset to help us achieve our business goals and objectives in supportive record time. We intend building Sean and Sharon Hotel on this structure; Chief Executive Officer (Owner) Hotel Manager Human Resources and Administrative Manager Bartender / Baristas Accountants / Cashiers Facility / Maintenance Manager Marketing Officer Front Desk Officer Cleaners / Washer men Security Officers. Roles and Responsibilities. Chief Executive Officer – CEO: Responsible for providing direction for the business Creates, communicates, and implements the organization’s vision, mission, and essay overall direction – i.e. leading the development and implementation of the overall organization’s strategy. Responsible for writing task (100 plus essay) fixing prices and essay signing business deals Responsible for recruitment Responsible for payment of writing plus salaries Responsible for easy essay prompts signing checks and health care documents on behalf of the company Evaluates the success of the organization. Responsible for managing the daily activities in the hotel Ensures that the facility is in easy tip top shape and conducive enough to welcome customers Interfaces with vendors Reports to the Chief Executive Officer Attends to Customers complains and enquiries Prepares budget and reports for the organization Responsible for Training and Development in the organization Handles procurement Handles any other duty as assigned by the CEO. Human Resources and Administrative Manager. Responsible for sats papers overseeing the smooth running of HR and administrative tasks for the organization Defines job positions for recruitment and easy essay prompts managing interviewing process Carries out sats, staff induction for new team members Responsible for training, evaluation and assessment of employees Responsible for arranging travel, meetings and appointments Oversees the smooth running of the daily office activities.
Develops, executes and evaluates new plans for expanding increase sales Documents all customer contact and essay information. Represents the company in writing task plus essay) strategic meetings Helps increase sales and growth for easy prompts the company Identifies, prioritizes, and papers reach out to new partners, and business opportunities et al. Facility / Maintenance Manager. Responsible for planning and overseeing building work/renovation Responsible for allocating and essay managing space within buildings Responsible for managing building maintenance activities Responsible for coordinating cleaning, catering and parking services Responsible for organizing security and general administrative services Ensures that facilities meet government regulations and environmental, health and security standards Advises on energy efficiency and cost-effectiveness Supervises multi-disciplinary teams of staff including maintenance, grounds and custodial workers. Interacts with customers, take orders for drinks, food and snacks. Plans and presents bar menu. Universal Care Introduction. Checks identification of the guest to make sure they meet age requirements for purchase of alcohol and tobacco products. Mixes ingredients to prepare cocktails and other drinks. Mixes drinks, cocktails and other bar beverages as ordered and in compliance with hotel standard drink recipes. Prepares alcohol or non-alcohol beverages. Services Wine and Beer to guests.
Arranges bottles and glasses to make attractive displays. Assesses customers’ needs and easy prompts preferences and make recommendations Makes lists of essay supportive essay supplies in conjunction with the bar manager / management Prepares inventory or purchase requisitions as needed to replenish supplies. Ensures that the assigned bar area is prompts fully equipped with tools and products needed for Mixing beverages and serving guests. Collect payment for drinks served and essay balance all receipts. Prepare financial report at the end of every working week Handles all financial transaction on behalf of the company Interfaces with our bankers Responsible for payment of tax, levies and utility bills Handle any other duty as assigned by the CEO / microbrewery manager.
Ensures that customers feel relaxed and at home Handles customers enquiries Assesses customers’ needs and preferences and make recommendations Ability to Sell or influence others for up selling and suggestive selling. Provides recommendations and suggestions to guest for easy essay choosing Drinks, food and Snacks. Serve customers in a friendly and helpful manner. Provides guidance to guests on resort activities, dining options and general resort and Regional information. Demonstrates a thorough knowledge of food and beverage products, menus and Promotions Handles any other duty as assigned by the bar manager. Handles and moves objects, such as glasses, dish and bottles, using hands and arms.
Cleans up after customers and health care clean work area. Clears ashtrays as and when required. Prompts. Washes glassware and utensils after each use. Maintains a clean working area by sweeping, vacuuming, dusting, cleaning of health care introduction glass doors and essay prompts windows, etc. if required. Ensures that toiletries and supplies don’t run out of stock Responsible for handling laundry Handles any other duty as assigned by the restaurant manager, Ensures that the facility is secured at all time Controls traffic and organize parking Gives security tips to staff members from time to time Patrols around the building on essay supportive a 24 hours basis Submits security reports weekly Any other duty as assigned by the restaurant manager.
Sample Hotel Business Plan Template SWOT Analysis. Sean and Sharon Hotel is fully aware that they are coming into easy an industry that can be highly competitive which is why they have decided to pay attention to the SWOT analysis for mcat essay scoring the organization. We know that once we are able to identify our strengths, our weaknesses, our threats and the opportunities that is available to us, we will be able to come up with good business strategies that will help us achieve all our business goals and objectives. We know too well that one of the ways to build a successful business in the long run, is the ability to glean some lessons from the weak points we have found ourselves in and convert it to an area of strength. In a case where there is little or nothing that can be done, we may also work so hard so that our areas of easy prompts strength blossoms more, so that are weak area is very less visible. Exemplification And Description. Here is a preview of the result we got from the SWOT analysis that was conducted on behalf of Sean and prompts Sharon Hotel Las Vegas, Nevada; Our area of strength cannot be farfetched; the location of our hotel is perfect for such business, our management team has robust experience in the industry, our customer’s services is second to ks1 writing papers, none in easy essay the whole of Las Vegas and our facility is top notch. Our perceived weakness could be that we are a new business, and we may not have the financial muscle to sustain the kind of publicity we want to give our business. We are in one of the cities in ielts writing the world that never goes to bed, plus the fact that Las Vegas is regarded as the world headquarter as far as casino business is concerned. It means that loads of essay prompts tourist, business executives and travelers would want to exemplification and description, visit Las Vegas and we are well positioned to welcome them, because our hotel facility is just about easy prompts 20 minute drive from McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas, and few minute drive from exemplification and description, Mandalay Bay Event Center.
One of the threats that is likely going to confront us is; unfavorable government policies, downturn in easy essay the economy which is likely going to affect sales and perhaps the emergence of q new hotels (competitors) within the same location where our hotel is essay located. Sample Hotel Business Plan Template MARKET ANALYSIS. The trend in ielts (100 plus the hospitality industry is such that there are peak periods and off peak periods. Thus, hoteliers know this and prompts have been able to ks1 writing papers 2007, make provision to properly handle the change in season. For example; during summer or during any major sporting event or business summit, most hotels in Las Vegas are almost fully booked. As a matter of fact, that is the period that some hotel make the money that will sustain the business for easy prompts the rest of the year.
Be that as it may, some hotels are well positioned and they enjoy rich patronage all through the 12 calendar months of the year. Another trending feature in the hotel industry is that it is profitable to build your brand and then venture into ks1 writing the sale of prompts franchise, if you know you don’t have the capacity to writing task 2 essay (100, manage various branches of your hotel. Easy Essay Prompts. Over and above, hoteliers are quite aware that they are in the industry not for quick returns on essay essay their investments, but to steadily build a brand that can become a global brand while growing their profits year in year out. Sean and easy prompts Sharon conducted her feasibility studies and market survey and writing task 2 essay (100 essay) we were able to identify those who we expect will eventually become our loyal customers. We do not intend to waste our time on activities that would yield us nothing, which is why we invested time to essay prompts, create a hotel marketing plan to help us do only the most needful things. These are the category of people that we intend marketing our hotel to; Corporate Executives Business People Sports Men and Women Government Officials College Students Tourists Travelers Travelling Agencies Event Managers Religious Organizations. The competitive edge of Sean and Sharon Hotel Las Vegas, Nevada is the excellent and essay customized service that we offer to all our guest irrespective of their status.
We can boldly say that the easy essay location of our hotel is going to give us an edge over our competitors in Las Vegas. We are in the middle of the happening city in Nevada. From the location of our hotel, you can connect any part of the city with little or no stress. Another significant competitive advantage that we are bringing to the industry is the robust experience of our management team. We have a team that has a combination of 40 years of experience in the hospitality industry in United States and ielts 2 essay plus Canada. They are considered as core professionals in their own right. Sample Hotel Business Plan Template SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Marketing Strategy and Sales Strategy. We will adopt the following means to easy prompts, attract the kind of people that we want in our hotel per – time: The model of bar we intend running is rules a neighborhood type of bar, hence, we are not going to easy prompts, rely only on the conventional ways of marketing.
We don’t have the plans to essay supportive essay, run paid adverts on essay Local TV stations, local radio stations or even local newspaper but we will sure maximize every other available means to promote our business. Our unique selling proposition is that we have a collection of almost all brands of beers produced in America in our bar, we have assorted drinks and tobaccos et al. In view of that, we are going to adopt the following strategies to ensure that we do not only attract customers but generate repeated sales from them; Parts of the marketing and sales strategies that we will adopt are; Open our hotel in a grand style with a party for essay supportive essay all. Easy Prompts. Advertise our hotel brand in travel and tours magazines, national newspapers, Satellite TV stations and Radio station Promote our business online via our official website and all available social media platform Continuously Improve the ks1 writing papers performance of prompts our brands Hire the services of experts to writing (100, make our brands the easy first choice for guests Deliver consistent customer experiences to all our guest; making our first impression count positively Continuously Improve the efficiency of our hotels and operating processes Ensure that we Put our market scale and knowledge to good use Using our worldwide scale and (100 plus essay) experience to convert more hotels to our brands Make the most of our global presence – guests choose brands they know when they travel Build strong partnerships within our own company and with our stakeholders across the world Make use of attractive hand bills to create awareness and also to prompts, give direction to our bar Position our signage / flexi banners at strategic places Position our greeters to welcome and direct potential customers Create a loyalty plan that will enable us reward our regular customers Engage on road shows within our neighborhood to create awareness for essay supportive essay our hotel. Easy Essay Prompts. Sean and Sharon Hotel will generate income from the following service offerings; Lodgings Meals (Local Delicacies, Chinese cuisines and intercontinental cuisines et al) Drinks (wines, beers, distilled spirits, martinis, beverages and 2007 non – alcoholic drinks) Swimming pool Gym Laundry service Business center Mini mart Conference room Banquet venue Childcare Shuttle service. It is important to state that our sales forecast is essay based on the data gathered during our feasibility studies and also some of the assumptions readily available on the field. Below is the sales projection for Sean and Sharon Hotel, it is based on the location of our hotel and the services and products that we will be offering; N.B -: This projection is done based on what is obtainable in the industry and with the assumption that there wouldn’t be any unfavorable government policy. Our pricing system is going to be based on what is obtainable in the industry, we don’t intend to charge more (except for premium and customized services) and we don’t intend to sats papers 2007, charge less than our competitors are offering in essay prompts Las Vegas. Be that as it may, we have put plans in place to ks1 writing sats, discount our products and easy services once in a while and ielts 2 essay (100 plus essay) also to reward our loyal customers.
Our payment policy is all inclusive because we are quite aware that different people prefer different payment options as it suits them. Here are the payment options that will be available in every of our pub; Payment by cash check Payment via Point of Sale (POS) Machine Payment via online bank transfer (online payment portal) Payment via Mobile money. Easy. In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our payment plans without any difficulty. Scoring Q. Sample Hotel Business Plan Template Publicity and Advertising Strategy. Sean and Sharon Hotel is in the hospitality business to make profit and we can only make profit if we steadily increase our customer base. No doubt, in order to remain relevant in the hospitality industry as an hotelier in Las Vegas, you should be able to essay prompts, continue to create hype around your hotel brand and that is exactly the publicity and advertising strategy that we will adopt. We will ensure that we leverage on all conventional and exemplification and description non – conventional publicity and essay advertising techniques to promote our hotel brand.
Although our hotel is located in Las Vegas, but the scope of our market is global which is why we choose to make use of best practices as far as publicity and advertisement is concerned in universal health introduction hotel business. Here are the platforms we intend leveraging on to promote and advertise Sean and Sharon Hotel, Las Vegas; Encourage our loyal customers to help us use Word of Mouth (referrals) Advertise our hotel brand in travel and tours magazines, national dailies, Satellite TV stations and Radio station Promote our business online via our official website Sponsor relevant community programs Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, et al to promote our brand Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations Engage in road show from time to time Distribute our fliers and handbills in target areas. Start – Up Expenditure (Budget) This is the key areas where we will spend our start – up capital on; Legal expenses for obtaining licenses and permits: $1,500. The Total Fee for Registering the easy prompts Business in Las Vegas, Nevada: $750. Marketing promotion expenses (2,000 flyers at $0.04 per copy) for the total amount of $3,580.
Cost for hiring Consultant – $5,000. Ielts (100 Plus. Insurance (general liability, workers’ compensation and property casualty) coverage at a total premium – $30,800. Cost of accounting software, CRM software and Payroll Software – $15,000 Cost for acquiring facility for the hotel: $500,000. Cost for facility remodeling – $100,000. Other start-up expenses including stationery – $1000) Phone and utility deposits ( $3,500 ). Operational cost for the first 3 months (salaries of employees, payments of bills et al) – $60,000 The cost for Start-up inventory – $35,000 Storage hardware (bins, utensil rack, shelves, glasses case) – $3,720 The cost for prompts counter area equipment (counter top, sink, ice machine, etc.) – $9,500 Cost for serving area equipment ( glasses, flatware) – $5,000 Cost for store equipment (cash register, security, ventilation, signage) – $13,750 Office equipment and supportive essay furniture – $3,600 The cost for essay prompts the purchase of furniture and gadgets (Computers, Printers, Telephone, TVs, Sound System, tables and chairs et al): $4,000. The cost of Launching a Website: $600 The cost for our grand opening party: $5,000 Miscellaneous: $2,500. We would need an estimate of $3.5M to successfully launch Sean and Sharon Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada. Universal Care Essay Introduction. Generating Funding / Startup Capital for Coffee4All® Sean and Sharon Hotel will be financed by Sean and Sharon Glaciers and easy prompts their business partners.
Part of the start – up capital will also be raised as a loan facility from the bank in the United States. These are the areas where we intend sourcing for fund for Sean and Sharon Hotel. Generate part of the start – up capital from personal savings and sale of writing 2 essay (100 essay) his stocks (Sean and easy Sharon Glaciers) Generate part of the start – up capital from essay supportive essay, our business partners Generate a larger chunk of the essay prompts startup capital from the bank. N.B: Please note that Sean and sats Sharon Glaciers want to retain the lion share of the business shares hence they both are investing a total of 1 million USD. They will also secure a mortgage to purchase the property for the hotel. Sample Hotel Business Plan Template Sustainability and Expansion Strategy.
Part of the grand plan of sustaining Sean and Sharon hotel is to ensure that we provide the easy essay prompts best of trainings for our employees, put succession plan in place, and we will not relent in marketing and promoting our hotel brand. From our findings, another factor that kills new business is financial leakages. In order to ielts writing (100 plus essay), plug financial leakages, the management of Sean and essay prompts Sharon Hotel will adopt the use of payment machines and essay accounting software to essay, run the ielts writing task plus business. In the easy essay prompts bid to building a successfully business, we will ensure that all our employees are comfortable and we will provide them with the best of for citations research paper facilities and welfare package that will help them achieve peak performance in all their duties and in turn help the organization achieve its goals and business objectives. Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for business license and permit: Completed Purchase of prompts Insurance for the Business: Completed Acquiring facility and remodeling the sats papers facility: In Progress Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from family members: Completed Applications for easy Loan from the bank: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents and essay other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of employees: In Progress Purchase of the Needed furniture, electronic appliances, office appliances and easy essay prompts bar accessories: In progress Creating Official Website for the Company: Completed Creating Awareness for the business both online and in the neighborhood: In Progress Health and Safety and and description Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress Establishing business relationship with vendors – suppliers of all our needed food ingredients, drinks, tobacco and essay prompts snacks : In Progress.
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MLA Format: The Complete MLA Citation Guide. The 8th edition of MLA format provides researchers with guidance on how to document the use of others’ work responsibly. Published in April 2016, the new handbook illustrates examples of citations made in the revised style, and explains how to create two types of citations: full citations that are placed in a works cited list, and in-text citations, which are abbreviated versions of full citations and located in the body of the work. With the easy essay new and improved MLA citation format, a major change was made to how full citations are created and how MLA works cited pages are formatted. Overall, the style presents a much simpler way to create accurate citations for students and researchers compared to past versions. 1. One standard citation format that applies to universal care every source type. In previous editions of the style, researchers were required to locate the citation format for the source type that they were citing. Essay? For instance, they were trying to rules research paper cite a scholarly journal article, they would have to reference the rules for citing journals. This has become inefficient in easy, modern writing, however, as we are digesting information for a wider variety of sources than ever before. With information readily available in tweets, Facebook posts, blogs, etc., it has become unrealistic for to create citation formats for every source type.
To address this, there is rules research, now one universal format that researchers can use to create their citations. To properly use this new format, the researcher is required to locate the “Core Elements” of their sources. These are what make up the information that will populate the citation. Prompts? These core elements can be found in exemplification and description, the forms in the MLA citation generator. The “Core Elements” of a citation, along with their corresponding punctuation marks, include the following (in this order): The appropriate punctuation mark must follow each core element, unless it is the final piece. In that situation, the punctuation mark should always be a period. These core elements are then placed within the citation, and generally follow this format: Author. Essay Prompts? Title. Title of the container.
Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher’s name, Date of rules for citations in a publication, Location. Here is an example of how an actual source (in this case, a book) looks when cited using the 8th edition style: Goodwin, Doris. Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln . Simon Shuster, 2012. For more help with creating citations with these core elements, try the MLA citation maker on EasyBib. 2. Inclusion of “containers” in citations. When the source you are referencing is actually a small part of a larger source, such as a chapter within a book, the easy essay larger source is called the universal essay introduction “container,” as it “contains” the smaller source. Generally, the essay prompts container is italicized and is followed by a comma. For more details on sats this, see the examples below. You can also create citations with containers in the MLA citation machine.
MLA citation format for citing a title within a container might looks as follows: Source Author(s) Last Name, First Name. Easy? “Title of Source.” Container Title , Container Contributor(s) First Name Last Name, Publisher, Date Published, page numbers. Here is an example full citation of how to cite a book chapter using the 8th edition format: Uenten, Wesley Iwao. “Rising Up from in a a Sea of Discontent: The 1970 Koza Uprising in essay prompts, U.S. For Citations? Occupied Okinawa.” Militarized Currents: Toward a Decolonized Future in Asia and the Pacific , edited by Setsu Shigematsu and easy prompts Keith L. Sats Papers 2007? Camacho, University of Minnesota Press, 2010, pp. 91-124.
3. The ability to use pseudonyms for essay author names. In order to more efficiently create accurate citations for new source types, it is now acceptable to ks1 writing sats papers use online handles or screen names in place of authors’ names. @TwitterHandle. Easy Essay Prompts? “Content of Tweet.” Twitter, Date, Time, URL (omit http:// or https://). @realDonaldTrump. “I will be having a general news conference on JANUARY ELEVENTH in N.Y.C. Thank you.” Twitter , 3 Jan.
2017, 6:58 p.m., twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/816433590892429312. 4. Adding the abbreviations vol. and no. to magazine and journal article citations. In previous versions of the style, there was no indication that the numbers in periodical citations referred to the volume and issue numbers. This has changed in the 8 th edition to exemplification essay be clearer to the reader. O’Carol, John. “The Dying of the essay Epic.” Anthropoetics 30.2 (2011): 48-49. Ielts Writing Task 2 Essay (100? Print. O’Carol, John. Easy Essay Prompts? “The Dying of the Epic.” Anthropoetics , vol. 30, no. Rules? 2, 2011, pp. 48-49. Unlike previous editions, the essay inclusion of URLs in citations highly recommended by essay scoring, the 8 th edition.
Omit “http://” or “https://” from the URL when including it in a citation. 6. Omitting the city of publication. In previous versions of the citation style, researchers included the city where the publisher was located. Today, this information generally serves little purpose and the city of publication can often be omitted. Only include the city of easy prompts publication if the version of the source differs when published in a different country (Example: British editions of books versus versions printed in the United States). 7. Flexibility in citation formatting. In addition to one universal format for all source types, the 8th edition now allows for more flexibility in citation presentation than previous versions of the style. For example, there is technically no right or wrong way to document a source, and certain aspects of a source can be included or excluded, depending on the focus of the work. For example, if you are citing the movie, Casablanca , and your research project focuses on the main character, Rick Blaine, it would be beneficial to your reader for you to include the name of the actor, Humphrey Bogart, in your citation. Other writers who instead focus on the whole movie in care essay, their paper may elect to just include the name of the director in their works cited page. To create the best and most effective citations, you always should think about which pieces of information will help readers easily locate the source you referenced themselves.
Your teacher may want you to format your paper using the guidelines specified in easy, the 8th edition. If you were told to create your citations in this format, your paper should be formatted using the new MLA guidelines as well. Use white 8 ? x 11” paper. Make 1 inch margins on the top, bottom, and introduction sides The first word in easy essay prompts, every paragraph should be indented one half inch. Indent set-off quotations one inch from the for citations in a research left margin Use any type of font that is easy, easy to read, such as Times New Roman. Make sure that italics look different from the regular typeface Use 12 point size Double space the entire research paper, even the works cited page. Leave one space after periods and other punctuation marks, unless your instructor tells you to make two spaces.
You can either create a title page using EasyBib’s Title Page creator or omit the title page completely and use a header. To create a MLA header, follow these steps: Begin one inch from the ks1 writing sats papers 2007 top of the first page and flush with the left margin. Type your name, your instructor’s name, the course number, and the date on prompts separate lines, using double spaces between each. Supportive? Double space once more and center the title. Do NOT underline, bold, or type the title in all capital letters. Only italicize words that would normally be italicized in the text. Example: Character Development in The Great Gatsby. Do not place a period after the title or after any heading.
Double space between the title and first lines of the easy text. Placed in task 2 essay (100, the upper right-hand corner, one half inch from the top, flush with the right margin. Easy? Type your last name before the page number. (To make this process easier, set your word processor to automatically add the last name and page number to each page). Do not place p. Mcat? before the page number. Prompts? Many instructors do not want a page number on the first page.
Ask your instructor for universal care essay introduction their specific preferences. Should be placed as close as possible to easy essay prompts the text that they most closely refer to. Label tables with: “Table,” an arabic numeral, and create a title for ielts (100 essay) it. Easy Essay? This information should be located above the table, flush left, on separate lines. Format the title the same way as the title of the paper. Rules Research? Underneath the essay table, provide the source and any notes. Notes should be labeled with a letter, rather than a numeral, so the reader is able to differentiate between the notes of the text and care essay the notes of the table. Use double spacing throughout. Label illustrations with: Fig. (short for figure), assign an arabic number, and provide a caption. The label and essay caption should appear underneath the illustration.
**If the table or illustration’s caption gives complete information about the source and the source isn’t cited in the text, there is no need to include the citation in the works cited page. Label musical scores with: Ex. (short for Example), assign it an Arabic numeral, and provide a caption. The label and caption should appear below the musical illustration. The 8th edition recommends that numbers are spelled out if the number can be written with one or two words. For larger numbers, write the number itself. One, forty four, one hundred, 247, 2 ?, 101. If the project calls for frequent use of numbers (such as a scientific study or statistics), use numerals that precede measurements. 247 milligrams, 5 pounds. Here are some other formatting tips to essay scoring keep in mind: Do not start sentences with a numeral, spell out the number. Always use numerals before abbreviations or symbols, ex.
6 lbs. In divisions, use numbers, ex: In page 5 of the study. The purpose of an MLA works cited list is to display the sources that were used for a project, and to give credit to the original authors of the easy essay works that were consulted for a project. Works Cited lists are typically found at the very end of universal health care essay introduction a project. Citations are what make up a works cited list. Here are some tips on how to create a works cited list for your citations: Citations are listed in alphabetical order by easy prompts, the first word in the citation, which is typically the last name of the essay essay author. Each citation should have a hanging indent. When there are two or more sources with the same author, only include the author’s name in the first citation. In the essay second or subsequent citations, use three hyphens in place of the author’s name, followed by a period. Middlekauff, Robert.
The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution. Oxford UP, 2007. – – -. Colonial America . Oxford UP, 1999. Connell, James. “The Battle of Yorktown: What Don’t We Know?” The American History Journal, vol. Scoring Q? 19, no. 6, 2005, pp. Essay? 36-43.
Middlekauff, Robert. The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution. Oxford UP, 2007. – – -. Colonial America . Oxford UP, 1999. The Patriot. Directed by Roland Emmerich, performed by Mel Gibson and Heath Ledger.
Columbia Pictures, 2002. The 8th edition also has standardized rules regarding the formatting of titles within citations. Here are some of the rules pertaining to titles in the new MLA format: When citing book titles, always enter the full title, in italics, followed by a period. See the MLA format citation below: Last Name, First Name. Italicized Title . Publisher, Publication Year. When citing periodicals, place the title of the article in essay, quotes, with a period at the end of the title.
The italicized title of the periodical follows, along with a comma. An MLA format example is below: Last Name, First Name. Easy Essay Prompts? “Title of the Article.” Periodical Title.” Publication Year, Page Numbers. When citing a website, the title of the web page or article is placed in 2 essay (100 plus essay), quotation marks, with a period before the end quotation. The title of the essay website is written in ielts writing 2 essay (100, italics followed by a comma. If the name of the publisher differs from the name of the website, include it after the easy essay title. Immediately following the care introduction publisher is the date that the page or article was published, or posted.
Finally, end with the URL. Easy Essay? The URL is the website’s address. The citation format is as follows: Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the Article or Individual Page.” Title of the website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL. Click here for additional information on website titles. Giving credit to the author of and description essay works that you use in your research paper is not only important for citation accuracy, but will prevent plagiarism. In order to include the author’s name in your citation, follow the guidelines listed below: Author formatting: Olsen, Gregg. Citation example: Olsen, Gregg.
If I Can’t Have You: Susan Powell, Her Mysterious Disappearance, and the Murder of Her Children . St. Martin’s True Crime, 2015, pp. 18-22. Place the authors in the order in essay prompts, which they appear on the source. Note that only the lead author’s name is listed last name first; all additional authors are listed by their first name, middle initial if applicable, and then last name: Author formatting: Bernecker, Sven, and Fred Dretske. Citation example: Bernecker, Sven, and Fred Dretske. Knowledge: Readings in Contemporary Epistemology. Oxford: UP, 2007.
List the author’s last name, first name, and then middle initial if applicable. Follow it with a comma, and then add et al. in place of the additional authors: Author formatting: George, Michael L., et al. Citation example: George, Michael L., et al. The Lean Six Sigma Pocket Toolbook. McGraw-Hill, 2005.
In cases where the writing 2 essay (100 person responsible for creating a work is someone other than the author, such as an editor, producer, performer, or artist, always include the individual’s role after the name: Kansaker, Tej Ratna, and Mark Turin, editors. When citing works of entertainment, such as film or television, include the name and role of the prompts person on whom you’ve focused: Byrne, Rose, performer. *Note: If you are writing about a film or television show that does not focus on an individual’s role, omit the author’s name and start the citation with the essay essay title.
If a corporation is the easy essay author of the text, include the full name of the corporation: The American Heart Association. Treat the translator as the author. Ks1 Writing Papers? You should do this only if the focus of your paper is on the original translated work. Include the name of the original creator after the title, preceded by the word “By”: Author formatting: Rabassa, Gregory, translator. Citation example: Rabassa, Gregory, translator.
One Hundred Years of Solitude. By Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Random House, 1995. When no author is easy, given in a text, omit this section and start the citation with the title. Sources can be released in different versions, or forms. For example, a book can have various versions – such as a first edition or a second edition, even an updated edition. Writing 2 Essay Plus Essay)? A movie can have an unrated or an uncut version. It is important to communicate to the reader which version was used to essay prompts help them locate the exact source themselves. For books, if it is a specific numbered edition, type out the numeral and use the abbreviation “ed.” for edition. If no specific version is mentioned or located, omit this information from the ielts writing 2 essay (100 essay) citation.
Examples of 8th edition citations for sources with various versions: Weinberger, Norman M. “The Auditory System and Elements of prompts Music” The Psychology of writing Music, edited by easy, Diana Deutsch, 2nd ed., Academic Press, 1999, p.61. Google Books, books.google.com/books?id=A3jkobk4yMMClpg=PP1dq=psychologypg=PR6#v=onepageq=psychologyf=false. JFK. Performance by Kevin Costner, directed by Oliver Stone, director’s cut ed., Warner Home Video, 2008.
When including the date of publication, there aren’t any set rules to how the date should be input into the citation. Rules For Citations In A Paper? For example, you can use May 5, 2016 or 5 May 2016. What does matter is consistency. Whichever way the date is placed in one citation, the same format should be used in easy essay prompts, the other citations in your project. Names of months that use more than four letters are written with abbreviations. Regarding new MLA in text citations, the rules are the same as in previous versions of the style. When using a direct quote or paraphrasing an author’s work, place an in-text citation after the borrowed information.
Generally, the in text citation is found immediately following the direct quote or paraphrase, but it is acceptable to insert it in a place, soon after, that allows for a natural pause while reading. (Author Last Page Number[s]). Ready to start citing? See the information and examples below to get started creating citations for the most popular source types. Author’s Last name, First name. Mcat Essay? Title of the work, translated by or edited by First Name Last name, vol. number, Publisher, Year the book was published, page number(s). Roth, Veronica. Divergent. Katherine Tegen Books, 2011. Olsen, Gregg, and easy Rebecca Morris.
If I Can’t Have You: Susan Powell, Her Mysterious Disappearance, and mcat essay scoring the Murder of Her Children. St. Martin’s True Crime, 2015, pp. 18-22. Matthews, Graham, et al. Disaster Management in easy essay prompts, Archives, Libraries, and Museums. Ashgate, 2009. Author’s Last name, First name. For Citations In A Paper? “Title of essay chapter or section.” Title of the work, translated by or edited by First Name Last name, vol. number, Publisher, Year the book was published, page number(s).
Montrose, Louis. “Elizabeth Through the Looking Glass: Picturing the Queen’s Two Bodies.” The Body of the Queen: Gender and Rule in rules for citations paper, the Courtly World, 1500-2000, edited by Regina Schulte, Berghahn, 2006, pp. Easy Essay? 61-87. How to and description Cite an E-book Found Online: Author’s last name, First name. “Title of the chapter or section.” Title of the easy prompts e-book, translated by or edited by First name Last name, vol. number, Publisher, Year of writing plus publication, page number(s). Title of the web site or database, URL. Austen, Jane, and Seth Grahame-Smith.
Pride and easy Prejudice and Zombies. Universal Care Essay Introduction? Quirk, 2015. Google Books, books.google.com/books?id=x5xPaPeZzmUClpg=PP1dq=zombiespg=PP1#v=onepageq=zombiesf=false. Poe, Edgar Allan. Easy Essay Prompts? “The Gold Bug.” Short Stories for English Courses, Edited by Rosa M.R. Supportive? Mikels, 2004.
Project Gutenberg, www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/5403/pg5403-images.html. Author’s last name, First name. “Title of the chapter or section.” Title of the easy essay e-book, translated by exemplification essay, or edited by First name Last name, Name of e-reader device, vol. Essay? number, Publisher, Year of ielts 2 essay publication, page number(s). Doer, Anthony. All the Light We Cannot See. Kindle ed., Scribner, 2014.
Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the Article or Individual Page.” Title of the website, Name of the publisher, Date of essay prompts publication, URL. White, Lori. “The Newest Fad in People Helping People: Little Free Pantries.” Upworthy, Cloud Tiger Media, 3 Aug. 2016, www.upworthy.com/the-newest-fad-in-people-helping-people-little-free-pantries?g=2c=hpstream. MLA Citation Website with no author: “Title of the Article or Individual Page.” Title of the website, Name of the publisher, Date of rules in a research publication, URL. “Giant Panda.” Smithsonian National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institute, 2004, nationalzoo.si.edu/animals/giantpandas/pandafacts. How to Cite a Website with no webpage title: Webpage Description. Title of the easy website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL. General Information on in a paper the New York Mets.
NYCData, The Weissman Center for International Business Baruch College/CUNY, www.baruch.cuny.edu/nycdata/sports/nymets.htm. How to Cite a Journal Article found on essay a Database: Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the ks1 writing 2007 article.” Title of the easy prompts journal , First name Last name of any other contributors (if applicable), Version (if applicable), Numbers (such as a volume and issue number), Publication date, Page numbers. Title of the database, URL or DOI. Brian, Real, et al. “Rural Public Libraries and Digital Inclusion: Issues and Challenges.” Information and Technology Libraries , vol. 33, no. 1, Mar. Exemplification Essay? 2014, pp.
6-24. ProQuest, ezproxy.nypl.org/login?url=http://search.proquest.com.i.ezproxy.nypl.org/docview/1512388143?accountid=35635. How to essay Cite a Journal Article found in Print: Author’s Last name, First name ” Title of the article.” Title of Journal , Volume, Issue, Year, pages. Bagchi, Alaknanda. “Conflicting Nationalisms: The Voice of the Subaltern in Mahasweta Devi’s Bashai Tudu .” Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature, vol. 15, no. 1, 1996, pp. 41-50. Follow the formula for citing a book.
Cite the author of the exemplification and description essay essay, the name of the easy essay, the mcat essay q name of the collection, the editor of the collection, the publication information, and the page number(s) of the essay. How to easy Cite an Image from a Website: If there is no title available for the image, include a brief description of the image instead. Creator’s Last name, First name. “Title of the digital image.” Title of the website, First name Last name of any contributors, Version (if applicable), Number (if applicable), Publisher, Publication date, URL.
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10 Tips for Writing the easy prompts College Application Essay. No subject is more fraught with anxiety for essay supportive, the high school senior than the essay on the college application. Whether it is as bizarre as the University of Chicago's How do you feel about Wednesday?; University of prompts Pennsylvania's You have just completed your 300-page autobiography. Please submit page 217.; or Tufts University's Are We Alone?—or whether it is exemplification essay a more mundane question about a formative experience you've had in your life, or about some controversial social or political issue, students tremble at the very thought of writing the easy essay prompts essay and being judged on it. Get updates from U.S. News, including newsletters, rankings announcements, new features and special offers. We wondered what tips could be offered to ease the pain. For advice, we turned to visiting blogger Jonathan Reider, director of college counseling at San Francisco University High School, who before that was the exemplification and description senior associate director of admissions (and humanities instructor) at Stanford University. He should know; he's been on both sides of the high school/college door. Easy Essay Prompts. Here are his 10 best tips. 1. Be concise.
Even though the Common Application main essay has only a suggested minimum of 250 words, and no upper limit, every admissions officer has a big stack to read every day; he or she expects to spend only a couple of minutes on the essay. If you go over 700 words, you are straining their patience, which no one should want to do. 2. Be honest. Don't embellish your achievements, titles, and offices. It's just fine to be the copy editor of the newspaper or the treasurer of the Green Club, instead of the president. Not everyone has to be the star at everything. You will feel better if you don't strain to inflate yourself. Rules For Citations In A Paper. 3. Be an individual. In writing the essay, ask yourself, How can I distinguish myself from essay those thousands of mcat scoring others applying to prompts, College X whom I don't know—and even the ones I do know? It's not in your activities or interests. If you're going straight from high school to college, you're just a teenager, doing teenage things.
It is essay q your mind and how it works that are distinctive. How do you think? Sure, that's hard to explain, but that's the key to the whole exercise. 4. Be coherent. Obviously, you don't want to babble, but I mean write about easy essay prompts, just one subject at a time. Essay Supportive. Don't try to cover everything in an essay. Doing so can make you sound busy, but at the same time, scattered and superficial. The whole application is a series of easy prompts snapshots of what you do.
It is inevitably incomplete. The colleges expect this. Exemplification And Description Essay. Go along with them. 5. Be accurate. I don't mean just use spell check (that goes without saying). Attend to the other mechanics of good writing, including conventional punctuation in the use of commas, semi-colons, etc. If you are writing about Dickens, don't say he wrote Wuthering Heights. If you write about Nietzsche, spell his name right. 6. Prompts. Be vivid.
A good essay is often compared to a story: In many cases it's an anecdote of an important moment. Provide some details to help the rules in a research reader see the easy prompts setting. Use the names (or invent them) for the other people in the story, including your brother, teacher, or coach. This makes it all more human and humane. It also shows the reader that you are thinking about writing task (100 plus, his or her appreciation of your writing, which is something you'll surely want to easy essay, do. 7. Be likable. Colleges see themselves as communities, where people have to get along with others, in dorms, classes, etc. Are you someone they would like to have dinner with, hang out with, have in a discussion section? Think, How can I communicate this without just standing up and essay saying it, which is corny. Subtlety is good.
8. Be cautious in your use of humor. You never know how someone you don't know is going to respond to you, especially if you offer something humorous. Humor is always in the eye of the beholder. Be funny only if you think you have to. Then think again.
9. Be controversial (if you can). So many kids write bland essays that don't take a stand on anything. It is fine to write about politics, religion, something serious, as long as you are balanced and thoughtful. Don't pretend you have the final truth. And don't just get up on your soapbox and spout off on a sensitive subject; instead, give reasons and arguments for your view and prompts consider other perspectives (if appropriate). Colleges are places for the discussion of ideas, and admissions officers look for diversity of mind. 10. Be smart. Colleges are intellectual places, a fact they almost always keep a secret when they talk about their dorms, climbing walls, and how many sports you can play. It is helpful to show your intellectual vitality. Rules Research Paper. What turns your mind on?
This is not the same thing as declaring an intended major; what matters is why that subject interests you. © Copyright 2010 Professors' Guide LLC. All rights reserved. Federal Investigation Fuels Amateurism Debate. The debate over if and easy how college athletes should be paid got new legs after a federal investigation alleged fraud and bribery schemes at marquee national programs. Maximize Study Abroad as Premed Student. Students can strengthen their medical school applications through foreign experiences. Top Universities With Rolling Admissions.
Eighty-three ranked schools evaluate college applicants on a first-come, first-served basis, U.S. News data show. Master SAT Command of Evidence Items. Students will find this question type in the reading and writing and language sections of the exam. Ielts 2 Essay Plus Essay). Washington College Road Trip: University of Washington. Easy. Discover what it's like to essay q, attend this public institution in Seattle. Easy. Washington College Road Trip: Gonzaga University.
Learn what it's like to and description essay, attend this Spokane, Washington school. Take a College Road Trip to Washington. Easy Essay Prompts. Find out what it's like to attend college in this Northwestern state. Washington College Road Trip: Whitman College. Writing Task 2 Essay (100 Plus. Discover what it's like to attend this school in essay Walla Walla, Washington. Task 2 Essay Plus Essay). Washington College Road Trip: University of Puget Sound. Learn what it's like to easy prompts, attend this Tacoma, Washington school. Pitino Is 'Coach-2' in Federal Court Documents.
The Louisville head basketball coach Pitino may have helped funnel money to essay, a top recruit in easy bid to mcat essay scoring q, secure his commitment. Get updates from U.S. News, including newsletters, rankings announcements, new features and special offers. Essay Prompts. Video: Creating a College Short List. See the best National Universities, Liberal Arts Colleges and universal essay introduction more.
Already know what you are looking for? This is a good place to start. Select colleges that interest you and see a side-by-side comparison.
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example term paper How to Write Term Papers. Writing a term paper is one of the most common requirements for essay, an upper-division course such as the one for which this book was probably assigned. Q! Such term papers usually count for a significant part of your final grade. Essay! Yet many, perhaps most, students have never received formal instruction about how to write a good research report. And Description! The following pages are meant to help you write an A paper by giving you some guidelines about how to go about your research and writing. Why do instructors assign papers?
Answering this question is a good place to start thinking about term papers because if you know why papers are such a common assignment, then perhaps you can approach the task with added enthusiasm and essay dedication. Two goals usually motivate this assignment. One goal relates to the specific subject of the course; the other goal is based on your professional development. The first course-specific goal is to increase your expertise in rules for citations research paper, some particular substantive area. The amount that you learn from this or almost any other course will be expanded significantly by doing research and by essay prompts, writing a paper. The effort will allow you to delve into the intricacies of a specific topic far beyond what is possible in the no doubt broad lectures that your instructor must deliver in class. Essay Supportive! Your research will go beyond the necessarily general commentary found in easy prompts, this text.
The second and probably more important goal behind a paper-writing assignment extends beyond the specific content of the course. Writing 2 Essay Plus! The object is to sharpen your analytic and writing skills in preparation for easy essay, the professional career that you may wish to pursue after graduation. Do not underestimate the task essay) importance of such thinking and easy essay communications skills. Most professional positions that college graduates seek will eventually require that you find information, analyze it, and writing plus convey your conclusions and recommendations to easy others, including your boss. You will be judged by your product. A survey of ranking business executives a few years ago asked them what accounted for the rise of their most successful young subordinates compared to the failure or slow progress of other junior executives. Essay! Communications skills was one of the factors most mentioned by the top executives. No matter how smart you are, no matter how much you know, these assets will be hidden unless you can communicate well. The evaluation of your academic and professional work will be based partly on its substantive quality. Prompts! A well-researched, clearly organized, incisively analyzed, powerfully written report will enhance your professional standing; a poorly done report will cast a shadow on your professional competency.
It is also important to realize that your report will be judged in part by such standards as neatness, grammar, and spelling, and other such technical criteria. It is not uncommon for university instructors to essay get papers that represent a good research and easy essay analytical effort but that are sloppy, contain numerous grammatical errors, are full of misspellings, or are burdened by other such technical deficiencies. Such shortcomings make you look bad. Essay! It is easy prompts, very difficult for an instructor (or, later on, your boss) to be dazzled by your intellectual acumen while being simultaneously appalled by your English usage. Also do not delude yourself with the common refrain, When I get on the job, I will do it right. It takes practice to do things well.
That is true for universal health introduction, rollerblading, shooting baskets, and easy essay playing the guitar. It is ks1 writing papers 2007, also true for doing a research paper. Now, in college, is the time to practice and learn. Easy Essay! Your instructor is likely to exemplification be more patient and helpful than your boss will ever be. Most successful efforts require some planning. Here are two hints about what to do before you begin to do research on, much less write, your paper. Easy Essay Prompts! Both hints are tritely obvious; both are regularly ignored to the student's disadvantage. 1. Follow instructions. Your instructor will (or at least should) let you know what is exemplification essay, expected.
Far too often, students write papers that do not fulfill the assigned task. Easy Essay Prompts! If you do not understand the research paper assignment, if you have any doubts at all, discuss it with your instructor. It is not uncommon in class or on the job for a person to get instructions, to prompts not understand them, but to be reluctant to mcat essay q ask for clarification for easy, fear of seeming dumb. This is a significant error. In the first place, your boss will probably not think less of you for asking for clarification. Exemplification Essay! In the second place, asking for supplementary instructions is far, far better than doing a report that does not meet the needs of your boss and is not what he or she wanted. That really makes you look dumb. 2. Do not wait until the last minute. Last-minute efforts usually read like last-minute efforts! Plan backward from the date the paper is due to prompts allow plenty of rules, time to get it done. A good paper requires careful preparation, research, critical thinking, and writing.
These steps take time. Also, allow time for easy, the unexpected. Computers crash or files get erased; printer toner or ribbons run out and have to be replaced; personal crises arise. You need to be able to cope with these and exemplification and description still get the paper done on time. My hard disk crashed is one of the modern excuses of easy, choice; it is no more acceptable than the classic, My dog ate my paper. Being late with reports in class or on the job is a very, very bad idea. The next step in your progress toward an award-winning research paper is to choose your topic carefully. If you are responsible for choosing your own topic, put some thought into this decision. First, as mentioned, make sure any topic you select fulfills the paper assignment.
Second, if possible pick a topic that interests you. The more interested you are in a topic, the easier it will be for you to devote time and essay introduction energy to studying it and to writing about it. Easy Essay Prompts! Third, ensure that you select a topic that fits the length of the paper that you intend to write, the research resources that are available to you, and universal care your analytical tools. Length: If you attempt to write a 10-page paper entitled The President and Congress Struggle for Power: Two Centuries of Constitutional Conflict, then your paper is destined to be a mile wide and an inch deep, as they say. It is better to do something more narrowly focused and to easy prompts do it well than to give a superficial treatment of a large subject. Research Resources: Trying to ks1 writing papers write a paper on Secret Military Operations in the Persian Gulf War would also be a mistake because the government has not released the relevant information.
You should take the essay holdings of your library into account. If you are at a major research university, you can probably find whatever you need. Even at large libraries, however, you may have trouble finding good sources to support a research paper on U.S.-Sri Lankan relations or U.S. policy regarding international cooperation in the development of universal care essay, mining technology. As your library holdings decrease, your ability to study unusual or narrow topics decreases as well. Prompts! So be careful not to choose a topic that destines you to fail. Analytical Tools: If you are going to pick a topic such as The Use by the Federal Reserve of the Discount Rate to Influence Monetary Relations, then you had better be sure you have the background to understand the introduction complexities that you will encounter. Similarly, ensure that you have the proper statistical skills if you are going to easy analyze votes in Congress to see whether length of service, party affiliation, constituency interest, or the margin of victory is most closely associated with a senator's support of presidential proposals. For all of these issues, rule number 1 here and supportive throughout this writing guide is check with the instructor if there is any doubt in your mind. Indeed, it is a very good idea to write a paragraph on what you intend to analyze, show it to the professor, and get his or her reaction. Now the project begins in earnest.
Good research is the foundation of easy essay, your paper. Essay! It stands to reason that without a solid foundation, the paper you build will inevitably be weak. As a general rule, your paper will be stronger if you use a good variety of the most up-to-date, and prompts the most specific and expert, resources. The Library: The place to writing 2 essay plus do research is the library. Do not be intimidated if the easy essay library on your campus is care, big and unfamiliar. Easy Essay! Even the essay most experienced faculty member needs help sometimes, particularly when using such specialized sources as government documents. The good news is easy essay prompts, that assistance is readily available. This appendix will presently outline some of the main resources you may find in your library. And Description! The list can serve only as a very brief introduction, however, so it is important to make use of the library's staff.
When you get lost, as we all do, ask the nearest librarian for help. Actually just standing around and looking confused will suffice sometimes to summon aid. Research Strategies: When you are doing your research it is essay prompts, important to be creative. Research! Here are a few tips: 1. Easy Essay Prompts! Start out by reading a general study or two on your subject. This will give you a broad grasp of your topic and will help you identify what is important and on what you need to focus your research. Simply jumping in and beginning to do research in specialized studies can often waste a considerable amount of your time.
Textbooks can also be helpful. For many topics, one starting point might be a U.S. diplomatic history text such as American Foreign Policy (Paterson, Clifford, Hagan, 1991a, b). A general introduction to international relations such as International Politics on the World Stage (Rourke, 1995) might also prove helpful to gain an overview of a topic. 2. Treat research like a detective story. Search under a variety of scoring q, subject headings when looking for sources in the physical or computerized card catalog, in an index, or any other finding aid. If, for example, you are doing a paper on Vietnam, do not limit yourself to looking under V for Vietnam. Other likely subject headings might be Asia, Southeast; Ho Chi Minh; Kissinger, Henry; Johnson, Lyndon B.; Nixon, Richard M.; U.S.-Foreign Relations; or U.S.-History. 3. Look at the most recent books and journal articles first.
These sources will usually contain a bibliography and notes that list earlier works on essay, the subject. This can be an invaluable as well as a time-saving step in locating supplementary source material. 4. Photocopy important material. If you can afford it, photocopying is much faster than taking notes and there is less chance for error. Rules For Citations In A Research! If you take written notes, use index cards. Larger cards are better than smaller ones.
Use one card for each quote, statistic, or other piece of research that you collect. Cards work well because they can be arranged easily. For topics with distinct parts, you might even want to try a different color card for each part. Prompts! Some people use portable computers to essay take notes. If you do, be sure to make a backup copy on a floppy disk. 5. Easy Essay Prompts! Make a careful and complete notation of the source of your material.
Later on we will cover why and how to cite material, but there is essay essay, nothing more frustrating than having to go back to the library to look up a citation that you should have noted clearly and completely in the first place. Your library contains many types of resources that you can utilize to do your research. Essay! The following list is a mere beginning. Use it, but also go to your library, wander about a bit looking at its various sections and the resources that each contains, and ask librarians about what is ks1 writing sats 2007, available. You may be surprised at how many resources you discover.
Reference Works: One of the most important places in your library is the prompts reference room. We will mention some of the resources you will find there, but if you follow our advice about exploring this resource area, you may save yourself many hours later on. The materials in care essay introduction, the reference room are valuable resources for beginning to structure the basic outline of your topic. Political science encyclopedias and dictionaries are one type of resource. There are many. For an essay prompts, American foreign policy course you might wish to look at sources such as the Dictionary of American Diplomatic History (Findling, 1989) or, at the most general level of political science, you might wish to consult The Encyclopedic Dictionary of American Government (Dushkin, 1991). There are similar works, such as The Oxford Companion to Politics of the writing 2 essay essay) World (Krieger, 1993), that are global in scope. Then there are resources such as Editorial Research Reports , the Political Handbook of the World , or the Index to International Public Opinion that deal with particular topics, give summaries of easy, various governments, or take other specialized approaches. Such works are normally acceptable sources; general-purpose encyclopedias (such as the Encyclopaedia Britannica , the World Book , etc.) typically are not suitable, although the bibliographies they include with individual topics may prove helpful. In a U.S. foreign policy class, an often overlooked place to start is the series of works published by Congressional Quarterly. Weekly updates come in the form of the Congressional Quarterly Weekly Reports . Information on an annual basis comes out in the Congressional Quarterly Almanac . Multiyear summaries called Congress and mcat q the Nation are available as well.
These contain the basics of most U.S. foreign policy actions. Besides coverage of congressional policy making, summaries of presidential or executive branch actions are included as well. The reference room also has bibliographies of works on various subjects. These are classified under Z. Check with the reference librarians. They may save you time. Books: Use your library's computer access system or card catalog for books on your subject. Essay! A good place to start is with the Library of 2 essay (100, Congress Subject Headings for ways to cross-reference your search for books. In the Library of easy prompts, Congress system, most U.S. history is under the letter E. Task (100! For economics, look at easy prompts, H; for world history, consult books under D. Under H, the subsets of HC, HG, and HJ are particularly good for economics. Mcat Essay Q! The letter J encompasses most works on political science. Easy Prompts! As subsets, the letters JK focus on U.S. politics; JL, JN, and essay q JQ cover other parts of the world; and JX covers international politics. Military affairs are under U. It is essay prompts, valuable to know these letters because sometimes it is ks1 writing, worthwhile to simply go to the stacks where those letters are shelved and browse a bit to uncover resources that you may have missed in your computer or card catalog search.
The shelves in the reference room are partly arranged using the Library of Congress system. Older books are also sometimes catalogued under the Dewey decimal system with the essay 300s and 900s of especial relevance to political science and history. Scholarly Journal Articles: Some topics, like U.S. diplomacy during the recent fighting in Bosnia-Herzegovina, may be so contemporary that there are few or no books yet available. In such cases, scholarly journals are more likely sources of mcat, information and analysis. You should consult journals even for noncontemporary topics because scholars may have found new information or conducted new analyses.
The places to easy prompts find journal articles are the in a research paper Public Affairs Information Service , the Social Sciences Index , the S ocial Sciences Citation Index , and the ABC Pol Sci . You should be able to find most, if not all of these, in your library's reference room. Just a few of the leading journals in essay, foreign policy and international affairs are Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, International Affairs, International Organization, International Security, International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Journal of International Affairs, Orbis, and World Politics. There are also many journals such as the American Political Science Review that contain general political science research. Government Publications: You may also find valuable information that has been published in rules for citations in a research, a report of a governmental agency, in hearings or reports of a congressional committee, or in the transcripts of the easy prompts proceedings of Congress. Ks1 Writing Sats! The United Nations and a number of other international organizations also publish proceedings and reports.
There are several indexes available. Easy Prompts! The Monthly Catalog of 2 essay (100 plus, United States Government Publications provides a comprehensive list of sources. The CIS/Index by the Congressional Information Service abstracts and indexes congressional hearings and reports. Prompts! Debates and other proceedings of Congress are found in the daily Congressional Record. Mcat Essay Q! At some schools, accessing government documents can be a challenge. Prompts! See your reference librarians for help with government publications.
Newsmagazines and Newspapers: If you are covering a current topic or need to have a day-by-day account of events and cannot find one elsewhere, you may be forced to turn to newsmagazines and newspapers. Be sure, however, to check with your instructor to ensure that these are considered acceptable sources for your assignment. Mostly they are useful for facts or for for citations in a research paper, contemporary quotes and are usually not good sources of analysis. Your library may have a computerized access system such as InfoTrac to assist you. The Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature also helps access this material. Additionally, major newspapers like the easy prompts New York Times, Washington Post, and Los Angeles Times are indexed. Some are now available on CD-ROM, allowing you to for citations in a paper use the computer to search by subject and then print out the relevant stories. For instance, InfoTrac is one CD-ROM-based system that among other things indexes the New York Times, Washington Post, Christian Science Monitor, Wall Street Journal, and Los Angeles Times.
The Lexis/Nexis computer database will not only prompts, provide you with indexed citations of journalistic articles, but also with the text of the article in most instances. See the reference librarians for help with such resources. There are sources such as Facts on File and Keesing's Contemporary Archives that are compilations of weekly news events and are indexed. World Wide Web (WWW) Electronic Resources: Over the past few years it has become increasingly easy to find research information by using the Internet. Until recently the Gopher system of supportive, data archives was the easy essay dominant form of Internet information access, but now most governmental and essay supportive essay nongovernmental organizations, universities, and easy essay prompts even many businesses have developed access to their research resources over ielts writing 2 essay plus essay), the graphic environment on the World Wide Web.
The following are a number of Web sites that will get you started in searching for information you may need in writing your research paper. Although some of the Uniform Resource Locators (URL) listed below are for specific information sources, most provide you with hot-linked lists that will get you to where you might want to look for information. It is easy essay prompts, important to scoring note that URLs change frequently. If any of these do not work for you, double-check the easy essay prompts URL or contact the organization sponsoring the page. Miscellaneous Sources: Our listing here can only begin to cover what is in for citations in a, your library. There may be a map room. There may also be an easy essay, audio-visual section. Some libraries contain archives or a rare book collection. Talk to a librarian or your professor for added information. Also realize that no library has everything.
Consequently, you may find references to plus sources that are not found in your library. You can usually order such sources from other libraries through the interlibrary loan program. Essay! Check with your reference librarians to learn how to use this service. Be advised, however, that interlibrary loans take some time. So order any needed sources as early as possible. External Sources: Knowledge is not confined to libraries or even campuses. A surprising number of students know someone who knows something about the specifics of essay, some U.S. foreign policy issue. Even if you do not know someone personally, you might find it interesting and possible to conduct an interview with a decision maker or some other relevant person. Some students have been known to telephone the State Department for information successfully.
Others have called the United Nations Missions or local consulates of other countries involved to get information from them. Easy Essay! For advice on unconventional sources, see your instructor. The keys to essay effective papers are good organization and presentation of ideas and error-free technical skills. There are a number of easy essay, sources that you can access to help you both organize and write your paper. Some are: Writer's Guide: Political Science (Biddle Holland, 1987); The Chicago Manual of exemplification essay, Style (1993); The Write Stuff (Cronin, 1986); Writing with Power (Elbow, 1981); The Elements of Style (Strunk White, 1979); and A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian, 1987). Our comments on writing a paper that follow may prove helpful to you, but they are not substitutes for the fuller discussions you will find in these writing guides.
There are three organizational issues to consider. They are the easy outline, the rules for citations research paper parts of the paper, and the approach. Outline: No one would think of building a house, computer, or other important and prompts complex project without a plan. Students regularly write papers without a plan. As a result, poor organization is a common weakness of undergraduate term papers. Essay Scoring! The best way to construct your plan and to organize information for maximum effect is to put together an outline. An outline serves to easy lay out your paper's structure, to supportive essay ensure that it is complete and logical, and to easy prevent you from getting off the track.
Determine what you wish to accomplish in the paper; then prepare an outline specifying every step from Introduction to Conclusion. In A Paper! Linear writing is crucial in professional papers and easy essay reports. A good outline also serves to help you later: It ensures that you stay on track, write an ks1 writing sats, accurate summary for easy essay, your conclusions, and cover all of the relevant information and arguments. Parts: All papers should have three basic parts: an introduction, a main body, and a conclusion. The introduction is the key to letting your reader know where you are headed and what you will accomplish. Remember always that while the organization of your paper may be clear to health essay you, it is easy prompts, not clear to your reader. Therefore, the introduction is something like a road map that acquaints the reader with the (100 essay) journey ahead. This will make it easier for the reader to understand what follows and will improve the reader's evaluation of your work.
Tell the reader in concise terms (1) what the subject of the paper is, (2) what it is prompts, that you hope to find out, and essay (3) how you will go about essay it. If you are writing an advanced, theoretical paper, your introduction might well also include a review of the existing scholarship on the subject, a section in which you identify how you collected your data and other information, and ielts task 2 essay essay) a discussion of the methodology you will use. Wolfinger (1993) is easy, a guide for such advanced papers. The main body is the in a research largest part of the paper. It should have a logical organization. Especially if the paper is long, it is often a good idea to easy essay prompts divide the main body into sections designated by headings and rules in a paper subheadings. Look at almost any text, including this one, and you will see that it uses headings to help keep the easy essay reader aware of the organizational structure. Also with regard to your main body, do not assume knowledge on exemplification and description, the part of the reader. Include all important information, explain its significance, and detail your logic. Write your paper as though its reader will be a reasonably intelligent and informed person but not an expert on your topic.
Your instructor wants to know what you know and will not read into the paper information that is essay prompts, not there. The conclusion should sum up what you have found and stress the evidence that supports your analysis. And Description! There is something very human about wanting to easy prompts have things summed up, so do not leave your reader hanging without a conclusion. Approach: There are several ways to approach your paper. A common organizational approach is a chronological one. The advantage of this approach is that it uses the passage of time as its organizing mechanism.
The disadvantage of a chronological approach is that it can easily become a laundry list of events, both important and unimportant. Essay Scoring Q! Students often list everything they find, leaving it to the reader to determine which factors are most important. Chronologies are also no substitute for essay, analysis. There is nothing wrong with a chronological approach if it is papers, done well; just be sure to put more emphasis throughout on why things happened than on what happened. A more analytic approach would be organized around a set of factors, or variables, that are important to the subject of the paper. Theoretical approaches can also be used to organize a paper.
See Allison's (1971) Essence of Decision for easy, an illustration of such an analytic approach. Whatever approach you choose, bear in health care essay introduction, mind that a cardinal rule is, analyze, analyze, analyze! Summarizing your findings in the conclusion does not mean that this is the only place to put you in essay prompts, the paper. Your analysis should appear throughout the paper. A big error that many novice writers make is to use the main body of the supportive paper to create a heap of facts and to wait until the conclusion to say what they mean.
This approach is boring and will not impress your readers with your analytical ability. The best papers by far are those that draw data, events, and other material together and interpret them throughout. Besides organization, the other hallmark of a good paper is clarity in writing. Remember that if a paper fails to communicate well, then its research-no matter how well done--will have little impact. There is an essay, old piece of advice that says, write like you speak. Health Care Essay! This is terrible advice, at least for formal papers. Good written communication is somewhat different from good spoken communication. When you speak to easy someone, especially face to face, you can convey meaning through voice inflection, gestures, and other methods in addition to your words.
These methods are not available in essay, written communications. Essay Prompts! Therefore, choice of words, punctuation, and essay other considerations are particularly vital when you write. Good writing can be divided into three parts: effort, style considerations, and technical matters. Effort: Thomas Alva Edison once supposedly commented that Genius is one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration. That is true whether one is essay prompts, inventing the lightbulb or creating an essay, a report, or a book. Writing and polishing drafts of a paper take time and effort. They cannot be done the ielts writing task plus night before the paper is due. If you sit down at your word processor the easy essay night before your report is due and write it into the wee hours of the morning, you will almost certainly leave your reader as bleary-eyed when he or she reads the paper as you were when you wrote it. Two things to sats papers 2007 do are to write drafts and to get others to read your paper. 1. Write a draft, preferably more than one.
No professional writer would dream of sending a manuscript out for review or to press without writing multiple drafts. Indeed, the more one writes, the prompts more one feels the need to do drafts. Only undergraduates have the hubris to keyboard a paper into the computer, print a copy out, hand it in, and wait confidently for that rave review and an A grade from the instructor. A better idea is to mcat essay write a first draft. Note here that the adjective rough does not precede draft. Your draft should be complete and carefully done. Once your smooth draft is done, put it aside for a few days so that you can gain perspective. Then reread it. You may be surprised at how many ways you find to improve what you have written when you look at it with fresh eyes. The same is true for your third and subsequent drafts. 2. Get help.
There are many people who can help you write a first-rate paper. One person is your instructor. Discuss your topic and your ideas with your professor. Prompts! He or she may be able to help you refine your topic, avoid pitfalls, identify resources, or plan the paper's organization. Submit drafts to your professor far enough ahead of the deadline to give the instructor time to suggest revisions.
It may prove helpful also to ask a classmate, a family member, or someone else to writing 2 essay (100 plus read your paper. Easy Essay Prompts! Most people are not good judges of exemplification and description essay, their own writing. We tend to easy prompts read what we meant to sats papers say, not what we actually wrote. A fresh reader will be able to point out technical errors and lapses in your argument and organization. Writing centers are another source of help at prompts, many colleges and universities. You may have already paid for such assistance with your tuition dollars; you might as well use it. Style Considerations: It may take innate talent to become a great literary figure, but achieving a reasonably pleasing literary style is q, possible for everyone who exercises a little care. A few suggestions should help you write a paper that has literary, as well as intellectual, merit. 1. Watch your sentence structure.
Students and scholars too often seem to assume that long, complex sentences are symbolic of profundity. They are not; they are mostly just cumbersome. Simple, subject-verb-object sentences are best. They are powerful. Prompts! Still, if you do not vary them occasionally, numerous short sentences do not read well. Mcat Essay Scoring Q! So, after several simple sentences, add a longer one. But do not go too far the other way. Consider Rourke's Rule of easy, 2s: Sentences more than two lines long or with more than two commas are probably too long to be understood easily, especially if there have been two in a row. 2. Rely on ks1 writing papers, active tense, action verbs. Avoid the passive tense (No: Politicians are disliked by many people.
Yes: Many people dislike politicians.). Similarly, action verbs (made, jumped, went) are better than verbs of being (is, are, were). Easy Prompts! In general, active/action verbs generate more interest. 3. Use standard English. Colloquial English typically does not make a good impression unless you are writing fiction.
Obscenities and other forms of gutter English are almost never acceptable. 4. Avoid starting too many sentences with adverbial or adjectival clauses or phrases. In A Research! These are the short phrases (such as In the morning, we went. ) that are often followed by a comma. Easy Essay Prompts! Also shun beginning or ending sentences with words or phrases such as: however, though, for example, for instance. 5. Watch your paragraph length. Paragraphs over one page in length are usually too long. They may contain redundant statements or more than one major idea. Rework such paragraphs to delete unnecessary text or to separate ideas into additional paragraphs. At the sats 2007 other extreme, one-sentence paragraphs are not acceptable.
Remember that each paragraph should have a topic sentence and easy several others that explain or develop that topic. 6. Rely on transitions between paragraphs. Conventions like On the ks1 writing sats papers 2007 other hand, Still, Also, Nevertheless, Thus, However, or As a result help the reader get from easy one thought to another. Essay Scoring! They smooth the reading process. 7. Avoid clichés. They fought like cats and dogs over which policy to adopt. Ugh! 8. Essay! Get to the point. Do not beat around the bush; save a tree; avoid word pollution.
Technical Matters: Your paper must be free of common writing mistakes. Essay! Cautions about some of these are: 1. Avoid sentence fragments. Every sentence must have a subject and a verb. 2. Easy Essay! Check your spelling. And Description! Misspelled words make you appear uneducated, careless, or both. Keep in mind that misspelled words and typographical errors cannot be distinguished from each other by a reader. Both are unacceptable. Some professional proofreaders read a manuscript backwards to easy prompts check for spelling. Essay Supportive! Try it. Do not rely on just your own sense of how words are spelled.
Use a dictionary, a spell check program if you have a computer, and a second reader to proofread your drafts. Beware of spell checkers, though! Consider this sentence: Its necessary to get there attention or we may loose the vote. These three mistakes (its for it's, there for their, and loose for lose) are common ones that would not be caught by most spell check programs. Prompts! Thus it is crucial to have a human scan your words. 3. Make sure subjects and verbs agree. Subject-verb disagreement is most likely to occur when the two are separated in the sentences by several other words. 4. Be careful of verb tense. Many poor writers use only present tense.
Use past tense, future, and ks1 writing papers 2007 other tenses as appropriate. Also be careful to keep verb tense consistent within paragraphs. 5. Make pronouns mean what they say. Misuse of pronouns is very common. A pronoun refers to easy essay the last noun of the same person and gender. Essay Scoring! Consider the sentences, John F. Kennedy was shot by easy essay prompts, Lee Harvey Oswald, who was subsequently also shot and killed. For Citations Paper! Many Americans wept at easy, his death.
What this means literally is that many Americans wept when they heard of Oswald's death because his refers to the closest prior singular masculine noun (Oswald). Also, do not normally use pronouns more than twice in essay q, a row to refer to the same noun. Use the noun or a variation thereof again for clarity. Prompts! While we are on the subject of pronouns, it is ielts, seldom correct to use a gender-specific pronoun (he, she, him, her) to easy essay prompts refer to scoring an inanimate object. Easy Essay Prompts! The United States, for example, is an it, not a she.
6. Do not split infinitives. Except when absolutely necessary to avoid misinterpretation, to and the verb should not be separated by an adverb. 7. Avoid the care essay use of contractions. Words like can't, won't, or don't are too informal for a formal writing assignment. 8. Be careful of abbreviations. Do not start sentences with abbreviations or numbers (unless spelled out). For countries, avoid using the abbreviation as a noun (No: The U.S. did. ); but the abbreviation is easy prompts, acceptable as an adjective (Yes: Current U.S. foreign policy. ). The first time you name someone, give his or her full name and the title if appropriate. Also do not use an acronym unless it is for citations research paper, very common without first spelling out the full name, as in, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). 9. Do not end sentences with prepositions. This rule is being relaxed, but repetitive use of prepositions at the end of sentences is indicative of poor sentence structure. 10.
Know when and prompts how to use specific punctuation. The various style manuals mentioned earlier elaborate on the proper usage of commas, colons, semicolons, parentheses, brackets, and the like. All good research papers rely on information compiled by and analysis done by others. If you write a research paper without consulting other works, then you have written an essay, not a report. If you do rely in essay, part on the work of other people and you do not cite them, you have failed in your responsibilities. A research paper must cite the work of others. There are two reasons that citations are mandatory. Easy! The first is to allow the reader to supportive essay explore the essay prompts subject further by consulting the works that you have utilized. Without regular and complete citations, such further exploration by for citations, your reader is essay, difficult or impossible.
Second, intellectual honesty requires citations. Failure to use them is plagiarism, which is unacceptable in mcat scoring q, any form. Plagiarism is the theft of the thoughts, facts, or knowledge of others by not giving them proper credit. When to Cite: Follow these guidelines to protect yourself: 1. Anytime you quote or paraphrase the easy essay prompts thoughts or work of others, cite the source.
It is q, incorrect to believe that only quotations require citations. You should also insert a note whenever you are relying on someone else's thoughts or research, even if you are only easy, paraphrasing (putting it in your own words). 2. Simple, commonly known facts need not be footnoted. A rule of thumb is that if you did not know the information before you started the universal essay paper, then you should use a citation to show where you found the information. Also, even if you know something when you start, you should cite the source of any controversial fact (Ireland's St. Brenden and the Vikings came to the New World before Columbus). 3. When in doubt, cite the source. Plagiarism is unethical.
Instructors and other readers take it very seriously. Grades, reputations, and academic careers have been ruined by easy essay prompts, plagiarism. Err on the side of safety. Essay Essay! One citation too many is easy, far better than one citation too few. How to Cite: The use of a correct format for citations used in endnotes or footnotes and in ks1 writing sats 2007, a bibliography often seem a bit complex and cumbersome, but doing so has two good points. Those advantages are completeness and consistency. Most styles fall into one of two categories, notation styles and reference-in-text styles.
Notation style involves the use of numbers to indicate each citation. Prompts! Each number's corresponding note may be at the bottom of the page as a footnote or at the end of the paper as an care essay introduction, endnote. In either case, you should provide comprehensive information on easy prompts, each source the first time it appears as a footnote or an endnote, with shortened versions appearing in later footnotes or endnotes. At the end of the paper, a bibliography repeats the full documentation of these sources, listing them alphabetically by author. Bibliographies have their own formatting styles. A number of works demonstrate both citation and ks1 writing sats papers bibliography format styles, including A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian, 1980) and The Chicago Manual of Style (1993). A r eference-in-text style uses the easy essay prompts author's name and the year of essay supportive essay, publication of the work, which are placed in parentheses and inserted at the appropriate place in the text.
A page number is also included for direct quotes and in some other cases. Then at the end of the paper or book there is a References or Works Cited section that contains the full documentation for all the sources cited throughout the body of the work. These sources are listed alphabetically by author. Reference-in-text styles are increasingly the norm in social science, and most are some variant of the style developed by the American Psychological Association (APA). For details of how to use such styles, see the APA's Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (1983); Writer's Guide: Political Science (Biddle Holland, 1987); or use this book as an easy, illustration. Whatever citation style you choose, use it correctly and sats papers 2007 be consistent.
Your job is not quite finished. After writing the paper, you must prepare its physical presentation. Prompts! Unless told otherwise, you should type your paper double-spaced, with one-inch margins on all four sides of each page. Your paper should feature a title page, the body of the paper, and exemplification and description essay then the bibliography, Works Cited, or References page(s). Easy Essay Prompts! If your instructor prefers some variation of this model, that will usually be specified in sats papers, advance.
Once again, it is important to essay prompts stress that a paper is a whole product. A paper that contains impeccable research, cogent analysis, and brilliant writing will still evoke a negative reaction from the reader if it is wrinkled, printed sloppily, or barely readable because the ink on the ribbon is exhausted. Some general guidelines include: 1. Printed material is preferable. Most instructors will not accept handwritten reports. Even if printing is not mandatory, a printed report has a more professional image than does a handwritten report. 2. Make sure the print is easily legible.
When you type or print your report, make sure that the ribbon or ink cartridge is up to par. 3. Do not play the margin, spacing, and font game. And Description Essay! Professors are not naive and have read veritable mountains of papers. Having extra-wide margins; leaving extra spaces between paragraphs, headings, and excerpts; or using larger-size type or fonts to stretch a paper out (or doing the easy essay prompts opposite to exemplification and description squeeze it in) are very obvious. Easy Prompts! You will not fool the sats instructor or anyone else. So, why bother? 4. Number your pages. It is not uncommon for students to easy essay turn in papers with the pages out of ielts task (100 plus, order.
Numbering the pages cuts down on this mistake. Easy Prompts! Also, unbound papers sometimes fall apart and must be reassembled. Numbered pages will facilitate this. 5. And Description Essay! Securely fasten the paper together. Easy! Paper clips are a bad idea. Staples or one of the research paper various types of binders sold by your bookstore are better. 6. Read your paper one last time. Even if the paper seems finished, you can still find mistakes that prior proofreading missed.
A last-minute pen-and-ink (never pencil) correction that is inserted neatly is better than an error. 7. Go home and relax. Prompts! Get a pizza, watch some television, catch a movie! You deserve it after working hard and writing a great paper. Congratulations!